The New Monarchies

What were the New Monarchies?

"The New Monarchies" is a term used to describe the 15th-century European rulers who unified their nations. The New Monarchies created the foundation for Europe’s first modern nation-states in France, England and Spain.

Characteristics of the New Monarchies

-reduced power of the nobility through taxation, confiscation of land (from uncooperative nobles), and the hiring of mercenary armies

-reduced political power of the clergy

-advent of gunpowder (resulted in the production of muskets and cannons)

The New Monarchies Impact on History

So how is any of this important?

The New Monarchies was the first time Europe had nations forming centralized governments and, in a sense, "closing in" and becoming more individualistic. It also proved to be quite the inventive period, with the introduction of gunpowder sparking the invention of cannons and muskets.

Additionally, the reduction of power within the clergy encouraged politics less in the church and more in the government, an idea that proved to last a while. Similar can be said for the reduction of power in the nobility itself, as this reduction lead to less of the "I'm the king and I'll do what I darn well want" style of thinking and more of the "you may be king but that doesn't mean you're allowed to be a buttface" type of thought process.

Miscellaneous stuff about the monarchies

The New Monarchies never achieved absolute power, and were never considered nation-states, as the population did not feel that they belonged to a particular "nation". Identity tended to be much more local or regional.