Primary Description of Sickle-cell Anemia
A severe hereditary form of anemia in which a mutated form of hemoglobin distorts the red blood cells into a crescent shape at low oxygen levels.
How Sickle-cell Anemia is inherited
- When the hemoglobin S gene is inherited from only one parent and a normal hemoglobin gene is inherited from the other, a person will have sickle cell trait.
How can children acquire it?
Child acquire is just as anyone else can. Its inherited from their parents.
Can it be prevented?
- There is currently no known way to prevent the disease.
Symptons & Effects
- Fatigue and Anemia.
- Pain Crises.
- Dactylitis (swelling and inflammation of the hands and/or feet) and Arthritis.
- Bacterial Infections.
- Splenic Sequestration (sudden pooling of blood in the spleen) and Liver Congestion.
- Lung and Heart Injury.
- Leg Ulcers.
- And more....
How it is detected
In the United States Sickle-cell Anemia is detected by a blood test that you undergo as a newborn.
- Medications to reduce pain and prevent complications
- Blood transfusions and supplemental oxygen,
- Bone marrow transplant
- Also, you must make regular doctor visits to check one your red blood cells