Sickle-cell Anemia

Primary Description of Sickle-cell Anemia

A severe hereditary form of anemia in which a mutated form of hemoglobin distorts the red blood cells into a crescent shape at low oxygen levels.

How Sickle-cell Anemia is inherited

  • When the hemoglobin S gene is inherited from only one parent and a normal hemoglobin gene is inherited from the other, a person will have sickle cell trait.

How can children acquire it?

  • Child acquire is just as anyone else can. Its inherited from their parents.

Can it be prevented?

  • There is currently no known way to prevent the disease.

Symptons & Effects

  • Fatigue and Anemia.
  • Pain Crises.
  • Dactylitis (swelling and inflammation of the hands and/or feet) and Arthritis.
  • Bacterial Infections.
  • Splenic Sequestration (sudden pooling of blood in the spleen) and Liver Congestion.
  • Lung and Heart Injury.
  • Leg Ulcers.
  • And more....

How it is detected

In the United States Sickle-cell Anemia is detected by a blood test that you undergo as a newborn.

Treatments..

  • Medications to reduce pain and prevent complications
  • Blood transfusions and supplemental oxygen,
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Also, you must make regular doctor visits to check one your red blood cells
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