Día de Los muertos

México and Guatemala

Day of the dead

This poster will tell you the similarities and differences between Día de Los Muertos (day of the dead) celebrated in Mexico and Guatemala.


Mexico: At first glance, the Mexican custom of El Día de los Muertos -the Day of the Dead sounds much like the U.S. Halloween. After all, the celebration traditionally starts at midnight the night of Oct. 31, and the festivities are verry muchrelated to death. El día de los muertos, which continues until Nov. 2, has become one of the biggest holidays in Mexico, and celebrations are becoming more common in areas of the United States with a large Spanish population. On dia de Los muertos in Mexico they prepare ofrendas or offerings and, it is popular to place marigolds because their scent is thought to attract the dead. When the dead come back they are thought to come back as skeletons. Papel picado is punched paper that in preparation is hung above the offering so the dead can look up and rember the sky of their new home.



Guatemala: in Guatemala the name day of the dead deceives. In Guatemala the cemetery is colorful and festive with children running around with colorful kites. In Guatemala they fly giant kites and they are called barrilletas. The kites carry triditions and are made of patience. Each kite represents somthing different. Some Mayan people still live in Guatemala and do ceremonies on the day of the dead ,where they burn candles and essences. The ceremony is to pay tribute to your ancestors. They also eat special salads called fiambre that can have up to 50 different ingredients based on the families story. The fiambre is traditional for the day of the dead. Big fireworks take place the night before el Dia de Los Muertos.


Both guatamala and Mexico do these things. Ofrendas" (offerings) are often set up in the home on an altar displaying portraits, personal goods, clothing, favorite foods, and possessions of the deceased family member. Sometimes they are shown at the gravesites as well. Among the living Maya, the Day of the Dead is known as hanal pixan “to feed the souls.” In the village the shaman starts off the proceedings by praying as he walks around an underground cooking oven, or pib. After the prayers, the food that has been cooking in the oven is moved to a small outdoor altar, decorated with brightly colored flowers. The shaman further blesses the meal and then the food is served.


Although Mexico and Guatemala are very similar they do have some diffrences for example in Guatemala they fly gigantic kites called barre. And in Mexico they believe that marigolds attract the scent of the dead. Also in Guatemala they paint gravesites very colorful. In Mexico they make special salad that can be made from up to 50 different ingredients. Guatemala also has big fireworks the day before Día de Los muertos.