Russian Revolution

By: Maribeth, Mikayla, Isabella

Why and how:


  • Bad monarchist government (Tsars)
  • The Tsar, Nicholas II, had absolute power.
  • World War I put a strain on Russia's government and economy
  • Poor working conditions
  • Low wages


  • People and soldiers turned against Nicholas II. He had personal command over the army, which led to the people blaming him for all the defeat.

Important People:

  • Nicholas II: Current Tsar who resigned from his rule in 1917
  • Vladimir Lenin: Led the Bolsheviks, who overthrew the provisional government that was set up after Nicholas II abdicated.
  • Alexander Kerensky: Leader of the provisional government
  • Duma: Russian Legislature

Important Events:

  • Bloody Sunday: Workers and the priest, Father George Gapon marched to the Winter Palace of Tsar. They demanded more rights and the troops opened fire at the people.
  • Women protest: The women protested because they were out of bread and fuel.
  • World War 1
  • Nicholas Abdicates: Nicholas II resigns from the throne.
  • Bolsheviks took over Russia: November 7th, 1917

Effects of the Russian Revolution:

  • Ended autocratic rule
  • Withdraw of Russia from WW1
  • Formation of the Soviet Union
  • Communism
  • Industrialization
  • War against the Bolsheviks (red army) and the previous government (the whites)

Final Result:

  • Red army became the soviet union and Russia became the first communist country.