Herpetologists don't agree completely on the classification of bullsnakes: some use the scientific name Pituophis melanoleucus, and others refer to this snake as Pituophis catenifer.Bullsnakes are large, heavy-bodied snakes. Their bodies are yellowish or tan, with between 33 and 66 brown or reddish blotches reaches from head to tail.Their bellies are yellow or creamy white, with black spots


Bullsnakes are found throughout North America: they are known to occur from southern Canada into Mexico, and are found from New Jersey California.


Bull snakes are probably the most widespread snake in New Mexico.They are commonly found in areas where lots of small mammals also live.They live here because rodents and other mammals are a food source and because they will also use their old burrows for shelter
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Food Web

Bullsnakes eat a variety of small mammals like voles, shrews, rabbits, and ground squirrels are common.. These snakes can be helpful to farmers and ranchers, because they hunt rodents that are often considered pests! These snakes will also feed on birds and their eggs, frogs, and lizards.These snakes can be helpful to farmers and ranchers, because they hunt rodents that are often considered pests!

Reproduction and Development

Bullsnakes can reproduce when they are three or four years old. Males may compete for opportunities to mate with females, sometimes by participating in a ritualized fight with each other.The snake that maintains the upper position wins the fight, and the loser retreats. Mating happens in the spring, when the snakes emerge from hibernation.


Bullsnakes are active mainly during the day, but it is not unusual to see them in the evenings or at night. During the hottest parts of the summer, they are actually more active at nightSome people confuse bullsnakes – which are not poisonous – with rattlesnakes, because the defensive behavior and appearance of both snakes is alike. Bullsnakes will show defensive behavior when threatened. They flatten their head, puff up their bodies and coil up. They will also hiss and shake their tails.
Bull Snake Against Squirrel
Rattlesnake VS Bullsnake