Elements of Art

By: Megan Winkle

Line

An element of art used to define shape,contours and outlines, and to suggest mass and volume. It can be a continuous mark made on a surface or implied by the edges and shapes of forms.

Shape

when a line becomes enclosed; is perceived as 2 dimensional.

Form

perceived as 3 dimensional and has length, width, and depth.

Texture

the way an object feels (actual) or looks like it would feel (implied) if it were touched.

Space

the area between and around objects. The space around objects is often called negative space; negative space has shape. Space can also refer to the feeling of depth. Real space is three dimensional; in visual art, when we create the feeling or illusion of depth, we call it space.

Value

a range from white to black or light to dark.

Color

refers to specific gues and has 3 properties (hue, intensity, and value). Value (how light to dark it is) and intensity (how bright or dull it is).

Unity/ Varity

Unity is the visual linking of various elements within the work. Variety is the use of several elements of design to hold the viewer's eye through and around the work.

Harmony

elements working together to complement each other.

Balance

the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space.

Emphasis

the part of the design that catches the viewer's attension.

Contrast

differences in values, colors, textures, shapes, and other elements.

Pattern

repeating art elements (shapes, colors, line, ect.)

Proportion/ Scale

a part considered in comparative relation to a whole.