Elements of Art

By: Megan Winkle


An element of art used to define shape,contours and outlines, and to suggest mass and volume. It can be a continuous mark made on a surface or implied by the edges and shapes of forms.


when a line becomes enclosed; is perceived as 2 dimensional.


perceived as 3 dimensional and has length, width, and depth.


the way an object feels (actual) or looks like it would feel (implied) if it were touched.


the area between and around objects. The space around objects is often called negative space; negative space has shape. Space can also refer to the feeling of depth. Real space is three dimensional; in visual art, when we create the feeling or illusion of depth, we call it space.


a range from white to black or light to dark.


refers to specific gues and has 3 properties (hue, intensity, and value). Value (how light to dark it is) and intensity (how bright or dull it is).

Unity/ Varity

Unity is the visual linking of various elements within the work. Variety is the use of several elements of design to hold the viewer's eye through and around the work.


elements working together to complement each other.


the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space.


the part of the design that catches the viewer's attension.


differences in values, colors, textures, shapes, and other elements.


repeating art elements (shapes, colors, line, ect.)

Proportion/ Scale

a part considered in comparative relation to a whole.