Han Dynasty (206 BCE -220 CE)
By: Megan and Tiffany Period 4
The growing amount of people began 400 years of disruption.
Inventions/ Scientific discoveries
The Chinese invented many important things during the Han Dynasty. One of them was paper, which was invented by a man named Tsai Lun. Early papers were made from animal and plant waste. The smooth covering was made with round bamboo and silk, flax, etc. The yellow dye acted as an insect repellent.
They also invented cast iron. Iron plows were made into flat, V shapes on wooden handles. It was later usually drawn by water buffalos.
The compass was a spoon shaped lodestone, pointing in the direction of the polestar, on a bronze pate. The Big Dipper was on the center disc.
Architecture didn't survive in the early dynasties. What we can tell though, is that they built the first Buddhist temples and they experimented with baked brick and complicated roofs.
The Chinese had a various religions. At first the Chinese believed in a religion known as Taoism, and during trading with North India Buddhism became a known religion in China. Buddhism started in the first century B.C.E. Music was also a very big role in their life. A musical instrument that was common was a Zhong. The Zhong was a row of bells that each had a different pitch. Another instrument they had was a flute, and they called it a Di. The Sheng Cheng and the Gin became popular instrument as well. Life in the city was very comfortable. People who were rich had artwork and carpets in their house. However, the poor in the city was pure torture. They were on the streets or going to bed hungry. Living or working on a farm was great for the poor. They earned a lot of money. The government made a school that was free to everyone. Rich boys usually were tutored at home. Poor boys went to the free school. Girls were taught to be obedient and how to cook. Fathers chose the husband for their daughters. Mothers would work on the farm or cook/clean. Men worked on the farm or selling or trading or working for the government.