Han Dynasty (206 BCE -220 CE)

By: Megan and Tiffany Period 4

Politics

Liu Bang was the founder of the Han dynasty. In the Han Dynasty rulers expanded China. Wu Ti expanded west for trade. He conquered Vietnam in 111 BCE, and north Korea in 108 BCE. There were also parts of Manchuria. During his time of rule he expanded and restored The Great Wall of China into the Ghobi desert. Liu Bang's sons and relatives became rulers. The dynasty declined because of many reasons. Ch'in supported Legalism which meant humans weren't trustworthy. Chou lords fought each other, curruption in the goverment, there was a politic struggle, and they couldn't raise enough money for taxes.

The growing amount of people began 400 years of disruption.

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Economics

In the Han Dynasty the military helped expand trade. They traded with inner Asia, and the many trade routes became known as the Silk Road. This trade route helped with agriculture. By getting new tools they learned new and faster way to plant and harvest. People got new things in China such as, iron, oxen, plows, irrigation systems and much more. A common object traded in the silk road was SILK! It was very important because only the wealthy wore it. It was also used for religious celebrations and the Chinese New Year.
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Inventions/ Scientific discoveries

The Chinese invented many important things during the Han Dynasty. One of them was paper, which was invented by a man named Tsai Lun. Early papers were made from animal and plant waste. The smooth covering was made with round bamboo and silk, flax, etc. The yellow dye acted as an insect repellent.

They also invented cast iron. Iron plows were made into flat, V shapes on wooden handles. It was later usually drawn by water buffalos.

The compass was a spoon shaped lodestone, pointing in the direction of the polestar, on a bronze pate. The Big Dipper was on the center disc.

Architecture didn't survive in the early dynasties. What we can tell though, is that they built the first Buddhist temples and they experimented with baked brick and complicated roofs.

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Religion/Culture/Social Life

The Chinese had a various religions. At first the Chinese believed in a religion known as Taoism, and during trading with North India Buddhism became a known religion in China. Buddhism started in the first century B.C.E. Music was also a very big role in their life. A musical instrument that was common was a Zhong. The Zhong was a row of bells that each had a different pitch. Another instrument they had was a flute, and they called it a Di. The Sheng Cheng and the Gin became popular instrument as well. Life in the city was very comfortable. People who were rich had artwork and carpets in their house. However, the poor in the city was pure torture. They were on the streets or going to bed hungry. Living or working on a farm was great for the poor. They earned a lot of money. The government made a school that was free to everyone. Rich boys usually were tutored at home. Poor boys went to the free school. Girls were taught to be obedient and how to cook. Fathers chose the husband for their daughters. Mothers would work on the farm or cook/clean. Men worked on the farm or selling or trading or working for the government.

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