LONDON

Come and enjoy this unforgettable experience.

History

The first inhabitants of the region currently occupied London have been a Celtic tribes. However, we can consider that the true origin of the town dates back to 55 BC, when the Roman Julius Caesar arrived in the area and decided to create a port called Londinium, on the north bank of the estuary of the River Thames. The town developed; a bridge over the river and Londinium became the most important trading post in that sector of the Empire was built. The Romans erected a temple to Mithras and a perimeter wall, whose remains are still visible.

Music

Those are a list of popular groups born in London:

Adele, Amy Winehouse, Bastille, Coldplay, Iron Maiden, Jessie J, Led Zeppeling, Little Mix, McFly, One Direction, Pink Floyd, The Police, Queen, The Rolling Stones, Sex Pistols, Spice Girls, The Wanted, The Who.


Famous music festivals:

-Field Day 2015

-Calling Festival 2015

-British Summer Time @ Hyde Park 2015

-Lovebox Weekender 2015

-South West Four Weekender 2015


Music museums:

-Museum of Army Music.

-Museum of Asian Music,

-Musical Museum.

-RCM Museum of Music.

-Royal Academy Of Music Museum.

Sports

London has hosted the Summer Olympics in 1908 in White City and 1948 at Wembley Stadium. In July 2005 London was chosen to host the Games in 2012, becoming the first city to host the Summer Olympics three times.


The most practiced sports in London:


Soccer


Soccer is the most popular sport, both in terms of participants and spectators, in London. London has several of England's leading football clubs, and the city is home to thirteen professional teams and more than 80 amateur leagues regulated by the London Football Association. Most London clubs are named after the district in which they play or used to play. Fulham is London's oldest club still playing professionally, having been founded in 1879. Arsenal, Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur are London's most successful teams in domestic and European competitions.


Cricket


The history of cricket started hundreds of years ago during the 16th century. The game originated in southern England but today is popular in Australasia, England, the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies and Southern Africa. Since its early days cricket has produced many legendary players so today we’re going to take a look at the 3 best cricketers of all time.

1.Sir Don Bradman

2.Sachin Tendulkar

3.Gary Sobers


Rugby


Rugby is one of the world’s most popular sports, despite only becoming professional in the 90’s. It has produced many great players throughout the years, and here are the three we feel are the best. Several outstanding players had to be left out, because we just couldn’t find a place for them.

1. Jonah Lomu

2. Martin Johnson

3. Dan Carter


Rowing


The Thames is the scene of the Ditch, which took place between universities of Oxford and Cambridge every year from Putney to Mortlake. In addition, there are numerous clubs of oar in the headquarters in London close to the Thames, especially in Putney's zone.


Tennis


The All England Tennis and Croquet Club, headquarters of Wimbledon's Championships, is in Wimbledon, in the south of London. London is also Queen's Club's home, a prestigious sports club that shelters the annual Championship of the Queen. Also there exists the National Center of Tennis recently inaugurated by the Queen in Roehampton. London has produced some very talented tennis players over the years, including both men and women. These are some of the most talented British tennis players to ever live.

1.Andy Murray

2.Fred Perry

3.Sue Barker


Basketball


For years, the Towers of London have been the flagship of the basketball of London, which dominates the British league of Basketball (BBL) London Lions is a professional basketball team based in London, who compete in the British Basketball League – the top level men's basketball league in the United Kingdom. The club has previously been based in Hemel Hempstead, Watford and Milton Keynes prior to its re-location to London for the 2012–13 season.

Geography

Central London is home to many of the main attractions of the capital, theaters and restaurants and also the distances to walk in this area are quite manageable. Only you will need a standard map of the city to be able to move without problems and visit to your air all the places of interest.
The river Thames separates the North of the South of the city, and the central zone of London is delimited, in general terms, as the area that covers the line of meter Circle Line, up to the north shore of the river.

The public transport in London are divided for zones, departing from the center of London, which is the Zone 1, the minor's zones being numbered to major as one is moving away from the heart of the city. London has a total of 32 municipal districts mas the district known as " City of London ", all of them governed by independent
town halls.
The west of London is known by his luxurious and most expensive neighborhoods, as Kensington and Belgravia, and account with some of the major attractions of the city, as the known room of concerts Royal Albert Hall and Kew Gardens's immense botanical gardens. In addition, it is the perfect zone to contemplate the spectacular architecture of his buildings and to go shopping. There they find the very well-known stores Harrods. In the East of the city he will find a great diversity: Brick Lane, a neighborhood with Bengali influences known specially by his restaurants specialized in curry, Shoreditch, ultramodern excellent neighborhood, and the Docklands, the former port zone re-turned into a symbol of modernity that surrounds Canary Wharf.

The south of London has a particular multicultural environment. It possesses one of the most important cultural centers of the city, the South Bank, the crowded street markets of Brixton and Deptford, Clapham's neighborhood street unexpected spectacles in which the public takes part, and Blackheath's calm and wooded zone.


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Literature

London leaves us the literary only legacy in Europe. A different and pleasant way of knowing her is reading his literature and visiting her with the experience of having read his big writers. I propose you to know London from a different perspective, entering her across several literary routes. There they go:
Charles Dickens's figure. If you are a fan of Charles Dickens, author of works as 'Oliver Twist' or ' Song of Christmas ', do not stop visiting the House - museum Dickens that one finds in the number 48 of Dougthy Street. Also you can visit his tomb that one finds in the Abbey of Westminster.
Platform bound for Hogwarts. Harry Potter supposed one before and one later in the infantile and juvenile contemporary literature, for it we recommend to you when you travel to London to realize someone of the holding a permit tours. He travels alandén from King's Cross - St. Pancras, from whom the train goes out with destination for Hogwarts and visits other memorable scenes of the movies. London does not stop being a great cinematographic scene that drinks from the literary sources. He takes advantage of your visit to the British capital to enjoy yourself in the mythical places of the literary works that you have read.
Virginia Wolf's landscapes. Crossing the city of the hand of one of the most important authoresses of England and visit where this writer lived, in Bloomsbury's neighborhood, concretely in 52 of Tavikstock Square, though now it is a hotel. Also we recommend to you to walk along Oxford Street described by Virginia as ' a street of flash, boisterous and vulgar '.
A walk along Charing Cross Road is obligatory, especially if you are a lover of the literature and of the books. This zone is famous for his bookshops and for Helene Hanff, authoress of ' 84 Charing Cross Road ' who was buying books of the second hand from the United States it has not lost the Bohemian and cultural captivation that forged her in previous decades.
Jack's crimes the ripper and Sweeney Todd. The barber Sweeney Todd was committing his crimes in the street Fleet, at the end of this one you can find the Spanish Parliament of the Justice and where Tim Burton rolled his movie on this place. In addition, we recommend to you to take a walk along Whitechapel, the zone in which Jack the ripper comitted his murders.
Looking for Sherlock Holmes. This personage was living in the Baker Street, in where you can visit the museum dedicated to this famous detective. In addition you can visit each of the places mentioned in his books thanks to a map realized by Londoninst.
Shakespeare's Globe Theatre. The Shakespeare's Globe Theatre is a faithful reproduction of the theatre constructed in 1599, in which Shakespeare interpreted his works of more renown. Placed to less than 200 meters of the original enclosure, the theatre was constructed from different sources of information that managed to create a practically identical building to the original one. Nowadays the Shakespeare Globe Theatre offers plays from May until October like it his predecessor was doing in times of Shakespeare. Besides the works, the theatre you can cross it by means of visits guided in which there appear the steps divided in zones of different prices depending on the social class that was frequenting them. During the visits also it is possible to see the scene and his secret peep-holes that were making sprout the prominent figures of Shakespeare, both of the sky and of the hell.

Landmarks

Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London.

The tower is officially known as the Elizabeth Tower, renamed as such to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. The tower holds the second largest four-faced chiming clock in the world. The tower has become one of the most prominent symbols of the United Kingdom and is often in the establishing shot of films set in London.

London Eye. After its opening in 2000, the striking wheel 135 meters high known as The London Eye .se has become one of the most emblematic of the city and across Britain icons.

Also known as the Millennium Wheel, the wheel is an achievement of design and engineering built over seven years by hundreds of workers from five different countries.

The London Eye was the largest observation wheel in the world until 2006 when it was surpassed by the Star of Nachang in Nachang (China). In 2008, 165 meters from the Singapore Flyer set a new record.

Buckingham Palace is the London residence and principal workplace of the monarchy of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality. It has been a focus for the British people at times of national rejoicing.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the "Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster", is a large, mainly Gothic church in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It is one of the most notable religious buildings in the United Kingdom and has been the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs.
Trafalgar Square is a public space and tourist attraction in central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross. It is situated in the City of Westminster. At its centre is Nelson's Column, which is guarded by four lion statues at its base. There are a number of commemorative statues and sculptures in the square, while one plinth, left empty since it was built in 1840, The Fourth Plinth, has been host to contemporary art since 1999. The square is also used for political demonstrations and community gatherings, such as the celebration of New Year's Eve.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Commonly known as the Houses of Parliament after its occupants, the Palace lies on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames in the City of Westminster, in central London. Its name, which derives from the neighbouring Westminster Abbey, may refer to either of two structures: the Old Palace, a medieval building complex that was destroyed by fire in 1834, and its replacement, the New Palace that stands today. For ceremonial purposes, the palace retains its original style and status as a royal residence and is the property of the Crown.

Cinema

The Festival of Cinema of London (Swindle BFI London Film Festival) is the event more importantly of the United Kingdom and has celebrated his 50 anniversary in the edition of 2006.


Ian Lancaster Fleming (London, on May 28, 1908) is the creator of the hero of fiction James Bond. The numerous novels that put in scene to the agent 007 have been a world success and have had numerous cinematographic adjustments.

John Ronald Reuel was a writer, poet, philologist and university British teacher, known principally for being the author of the classic novels of high fantasy as The hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.


Michael Joseph Anderson (January 30, 1920) the British director of one of the most important English movies: The Dam Busters (1954).


Anthony Asquith (London, on November 9, 1902 - February 20, 1968) he was the cinematographic British director. Between his masterpieces they stand out: The Browning Version (1951) y The Winslow Boy.


Roy Ward Baker ( London, on December 16, 1916 - London, on October 5, 2010) he was the director of British cinema. His more known movie is "A Night to Remember " (1958) for which it gained a Golden globe to the best movie of foreign language in 1959.


Terence Fisher ( London; on February 23, 1904 - London; June 18, 1980) was the director of British cinema, and creator of masterpieces like Dracula or Frankenstein's brain.
Lewis Gilbert (London, on March 6, 1920) is the director of cinema, cinematographic producer and British scriptwriter. The director nominated to an Oscar by his movie Alfie. Between his more famous movies they are: The spy who loved me (1977) and Educating Rita (1983).

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (London, on August 13 of 1899-Bel Air, Los Angeles, on April 29, 1980) was the director of cinema and British producer. After a successful career in the British cinema in silent movies and in the first sonorous ones, which it led him to being considered to be the best director of England. His more famous movies are: The Lady Vanishes (1938) and Frenzy (1972).


Hugh Hudson is director of London cinema. Between his more famous movies they stand out: Chariots of Fire (1972) and Greystoke, the legend of Tarzán, the king of the monkeys (1984).


Roland Joffé (London, on November 17, 1945) is the director of Franco-British cinema of Jewish origin. His more famous movie is: The Killing Fields, which cost a nomination him for the Óscar as better direct.


Christopher Nolan (born on July 30, 1970) is the director of cinema, scriptwriter and producer of English nationality, nominated in three occasions to the Oscar. In his movies topics of the psychology treat each other often, as the memory in Memento or the dreams in Inception.


Joe Wright (born in London, August 25, 1972) is the director of British cinema known by his movies Pride and predjudge (2005) and Expiation (2007).


John Richard Schlesinger, (London, on February 16, 1926 - Los Angeles, On July 25, 2003) was the director of British cinema. His more known movies are: Darling and Cowboy of midnight.