Reading Part II

by Stacey Young

Critical Thinking

The Literate Learner is a Critical Thinker!


When reading or considering texts, students need to become critical thinkers and consider point of view and for whom texts are written. By teaching kids critical literacy you are teaching them world citizenship. Those students who are not encouraged to think critically about messages that bombard them daily will be left vulnerable.


The Four Roles of the Literate Learner


Meaning Maker


  • Uses knowledge and experience to construct and communicate meaning when reading, writing, and speaking
  • using schema to make their own connections



Code User


  • Recognizes and uses the features and structures of written, visual and spoken texts, including alphabet, sounds in words, spelling, conventions, sentence structure, graphics and other visuals to BREAK the code of text


Text User


  • understands that the purpose and audience help to determine the way a text is structured, the tone, formality, and the sequence of components, and uses this knowledge to speak, write and read


Text Analyser - Critical Thinking Component


  • understands that texts are not neutral, that they represent particular views and perspectives, that other views and perspectives may be missing
  • texts can be critiqued and alternatives considered
  • teach students to be critical





Comprehensive Literacy Program

The Four Beliefs

  1. Reading Instruction should be based on evidence research that has been verified by classroom practice
  2. Early success is CRITICAL for children
  3. The teacher is the KEY to a child's success in learning to read
  4. In order to be successful in the classroom, teachers need the co-operation and support of instructional leaders and ongoing professional development


Accountable Talk

Students are encouraged to engage in:



  • Discussions - share information and solve problems
  • Dialogue - listen to each other's ideas, give all ideas weight, understand ideas before rejecting them


Whoever is doing the most talking is doing the most learning



Grand conversations are classrooms that:


  • understand how language works
  • build critical literacy skills
  • build comprehension skills
  • analyze rich texts
  • critically questions authors
  • foster critical and creative thinking


04-Lucy West-Types of Talk

Great Picture Books

Every Kid Needs a Champion!

Rita Pierson: Every kid needs a champion