By: Bella Reeder(4th period)

Alive: 1743-1826....................................Presidency: 1801-1809

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Presidency Summary:

He is the person that was our third president, responsible for the Louisiana Purchase, and a draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson! The foreign policy he applied was the Embargo Act and the domestic policy he applied was the Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Purchase made a great impact on the United States expansion. He was a democrat who favored the people's rights to make the United States a place where people wanted to be. He created a fair nation that gained land and freedom. Jefferson was the first secretary of state, the second vice president, and Virginia's governor. He was also very smart and willing to learn. These jobs and characteristics prepared him to be the great leader that he was.

Presidency Quotes:

“I sincerely believe that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies, and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale.”

“We in America do not have government by the majority. We have government by the majority who participate.”

“If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a state of civilization, it expects what never was and never will be.”

Embargo Act of 1807

During the Napoleonic Wars between Britain and France, the United States stayed neutral. This became hard after both countries inflicted trading limitations, hurting all three of the nation's economies. Britain started capturing American ships, goods, and men. Jefferson was faced with a hard decision. He decided to pass the Embargo Act on December 22nd, 1807 that banned trading in all foreign ports by American ships. This act was later repealed and the Non-Intercourse Act was signed two years later.

Marbury Vs. Madison

This 1803 case established "judicial review". This basically was: if a case was unfair, then the Supreme Court would have to go to the Constitution to determine the legislative act. This started after William Marbury got fired from his government job. He wanted justice, which lead to this case.

Louisiana Purchase

After paying fifteen million dollars to France, the United States gained about 530 million acres west of the Mississippi River. This continued the United States' wish for Manifest Destiny. This occurred during Jefferson's presidency in 1803. This purchase is considered one of the greatest real estate deals in history.