Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Allison Stocker hr. 2

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History of Auschwitz

Auschwitz was the largest concentration camp in Germany during the Holocaust. It was established by Germans in 1940. The people mostly responsible for the Holocaust were Alolf Hitler and Adolf Eichmann. It is located in Oswiecim, Poland. 1.3 million people were sent to Auschwitz during 1940 to 1945 of those 1.1 million people were murdered there.

Leading up to WWII

Adolf Eichmann was the "mastermind" behind the holocaust. He joined the secret service and was head of the department that was responsible for the Jewish affairs. Nazis encouraged Jewish emigration through violence. After WWII began he arranged for the Jews to be moved into ghettos then transported overseas. In 1941 the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union where he changed and made plans for the Jews to be exported to concentration camps. These camps were presented to the German people by saying that they would support Jewish schools and self-help organizations. Also they will help the German Jewish community with the growing mass of Jewish decent. They would really end up being gassed at these camps. At first the allied powers refused to believe the report about the killings and inhuman acts going on at the camp. Therefore they failed to bomb the camp or its railways. In 1944 they invaded Hungary and seized most of their Jewish population, most of them were sent to Auschwitz. May 8th, 1945 Hitler committed suicide and that was Germany's surrender to WWII.
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Millions of Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and other "unfit" Germans were sent to concentration camps where around 75% of them would be killed off.