Although he completed a philosophical education at Oxford, John Locke declined the offer of a permanent academic position in order to avoid committing himself to a religious order.
Three Minute Philosophy - John Locke
By contrast, Locke chose to avoid controversy by publishing his political writings anonymously. With the Two Treatises of Civil Government (1690) Locke established himself as a political theorist of the highest order. The First Treatise is a detailed refutation of the (now-forgotten) monarchist theories of Robert Filmer, but the Second Treatise of Government offers a systematic account of the foundations of political obligation.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding Part 1, Philosophy Audiobook, by John Locke, Empiricism
- All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.
- No man's knowledge here can go beyond his experience.
- The only fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
- New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common.
- We are like chameleons, we take our hue and the color of our moral character, from those who are around us.
- What worries you, masters you
- A sound mind in a sound body, is a short but full description of a happy state in this world.
- Parents wonder why the streams are bitter, when they themselves have poisoned the fountain.
- Education begins the gentleman, but reading, good company and reflection must finish him.
- Government has no other end, but the preservation of property.
John Locke Beliefs
Like Hobbes,Locke believed that human nature allowed people to be selfish. This is apparent with the introduction of currency. In a natural state all people were equal and independent, and everyone had a natural right to defend his "Life, health, Liberty, or Possessions".