Spina Bifida

What is it?

Spina Bifida is a condition that is present at birth, and results from an abnormality in the development of the neural tube, which forms the spinal cord. Depending on the abnormality, there is weakness in the areas that damage nerves control, such as sensory areas and muscles to the abdomen, legs, and bowel and bladder. Most people with Spina Bifida also have a shunt, to help drain the cerebrospinal fluid out of the brain ventricles. Involvement may be cervical (at the neck), or thoracic (chest), lumbar (lower back) or sacral (base of spine).


-Folic acid deficiency
-Higher sugar levels
-Side effects of medicines for treating epilepsy
-Exposure to high room temperatures
-Family history of neutral tube defects


-Myelomeningocele: Depending upon the type of severity of Spina Bifida, the following are common effects:
-Paralysis and loss of sensation
-Lack of Bladder and Bowl control
-Education: Research studies have proved that most children with Spina Bifida have a normal intelligence quotient. While, most of them suffer from cognitive learning disorders.
-Independence: Children with Spina Bifida have slim chances of leading an independent lifestyle.


-Physical and neurological problems
-Accumulation of fluid in the brain (Hydrocephalus)
- Infection in the tissues surrounding the brain (Meningitis)