Ebony and Ivory Cant Mix

What will pianists do?

By: Caitie Frownfelter

What were about...

Back in the 1950's through the 1960's there were mass controversy about whether blacks and whites should mix. Many social activists like Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Little Rock Nine, and Medgar Evers, were here to make a difference in America. They did this because they wanted to be free and to be treated as equals to white Americans. In America there had to be some huge movements to be able to get the point across that we want equality, some events like; Montgomery Bus Boycott, The Little Rock Nine riots, March on Washington, and many others helped lead on this idea that they were finished being slaves.

This happened because blacks wanted freedom, by using tactics like civil disobedience, mass rioting, and boycotts. They had to use harsh methods of communication or they wouldn't care, although some events were in favor of the peace movements and it helped clear some of the racial debris but only a small portion. So they had to come in full force to be able to get their voice heard.

The United States has Contributed to make this a more equal and just society because the US Supreme court helped a lot with trying to make everything equal and just, within schools, restaurants, library's, theaters, and many more. They have helped to desegregate America.

Tactics used to blend sociaty

During The Civil Rights Movement blacks and whites didn't get along, whites felt that they were better than the blacks, and the blacks just wanted to be respected and free. This was a long and hard battle to try and defend the blacks in order to win their freedom and respect. They used tactics like Civil disobedience, mass rioting and boycotts, and the peace method.

The use of Civil disobedience was huge because the black community thought that if they didn't do what the law asked them to do than maybe the law would listen for once and give them a chance at what they deserve. In some instances this worked but for others not so much, if anything it bit them right back in the butt. Many times when civil disobedience was used as a method for success it would cause mass riots in cities and marches all over the country.

Mass riots and boycotts led to many wins and losses. In some cases riots led to freedom, like the Montgomery bus boycott; this led to the desegregation of busses and other forms of public transportation. Also the Little Rock Nine riot, they fought and fought until finally they were able to integrate the schools all over the south. It takes time but it comes out with a good ending. Sometimes there just needs to be some brute force to push the decision along. In other instances though when rioting happened it came back with full force, like when the whites burned down the 16th street Baptist church. Some times rioting and boycotting are the answer but sometime going with a more peaceful approach may work better.

MLK always thought that peace was the answer, that we could win any war with kindness and not have to use brute force. He and the SCLC were always son the non-violent movement of the US. After King to a visit to India he discovered that peace can always be the answer, so he kept on pushing the non-violent activist movement. Making hi sway to the "I Have a Dream" speech.

During The Civil Rights Movement blacks and whites didn't get along, whites felt that they were better than the blacks, and the blacks just wanted to be respected and free. This was a long and hard battle to try and defend the blacks in order to win their freedom and respect. They used tactics like Civil disobedience, mass rioting and boycotts, and the peace method.

Top 5 Significant Events That Happened in 1954-1968

1. Montgomery Bus Boycott:
Many African Americans refused to ride the city bus in Montgomery, Alabama. They did this as a protest towards segregated seating on buses around the nation. The protest took from December 5th,1955 to December 20th,1956. Four days before the boycott began, an African American woman named Rosa Parks Refused to give up her seat to a white man on one of the buses in Montgomery. She was arrested and fined for this small act. the government and U.S. Supreme Court demanded that the buses become integrated and equal.


2. Little Rock Nine:

In Little Rock, Arkansas nine black students were enrolled into an all-white central high school school.These few students were the top of their class at their old school. The children who were enrolled were MInnijean Brown, Elizabeth Eckford, Melba Ratilla, Gloria Ray, Terrance Roberts, Jefferson Rhomas, Carlotta Wells, Thelma Mothershed, and Ernest Green. Right before the students were enrolled the U.S. Supreme Court declared that it was unconstitutional to have segregation in schools. These children went through a lot to be able to go to a nice white school. The teachers and other students made fun of the black kids, spit on them, threw food on them, and many other rude things to them. Many riots and protests were initiated because white people did not want to integrate. The kids did not want to go back to the school until they would be nice to them and they had some respect towards them. Finally on September 25th they were able to make it through a whole school day. After many months of struggle, Ernest Green was the first black man to ever graduate from Central High school. The controversy finally calmed down to a dull roar about the integrated schools.


3. March on Washington:

On August 28, 1963 more than 200,000 Americans got together in Washington D.C. and had a protest on black and white equality, jobs, and freedom rights. The movement was organized my many different religious, and civil rights groups fighting for freedom. This march was planned to shed a sense of light on the social and political challenges that African Americans continue to face all over the country. This movement gave Rev. Martin Luther King Jr his for the " I Have a Dream" speech because of all of the racial inequality, and he wanted to change that.


4. Selma to Montgomery March:

Early 1965 Martin Luther Kings Jr and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference(SCLC)made Selma, Alabama the focal point in raising awareness of blacks rights to vote in the South. The march went on for three days, trailing around the clock from Selma to Montgomery. When they reached Montgomery they were violently greeted by state and local authorities. This march helped raise awareness about the difficulty blacks had with voting rights, later that year the Voting Rights Act came into effect.


5. The Birmingham Church Bombing:

On September 25 a bomb was set off in the 16th Street Baptist Church right before the morning service. The church an all- black congregational church. It also served as a Civil Rights Leadership meeting hall. Four little girls were killed in the bombing and many other people injured. This was an outrageously dangerous situation that white Americans were creating. The riots were a very outlandish thing to do, and often a struggle for black Civil Rights.

2 Groups that helped the Movement come along smoothly

1. C.O.R.E. ( Congress Of Racial Equality)

The Core had finally come to its peak in the mid-1960's. They first created picketed signs and protested public accommodations in northern cities. The Core eventually became a participant in the Freedom Ride, The Freedom Summer, and the Black Power Movement. They began to gain many voters attention and national attention for Civil Rights Activists. This movement helped breakdown a lot of legal barriers that had been blocking blacks and other minorities from using constitution rights.


2. S.C.L.C. (Southern Christian Leadership Conference):

Martin Luther King Jr. and a handful of other ministers founded the SCLC on February 14, 1957. This group sought to attack the inequality and justice with the use of nonviolent direct action. This was successfully used to desegregate lunch counters, swimming pools, libraries, theaters, and a bunch of other places around the south. With Martin Luther King as president, the SCLC raised enough money to keep the Civil Rights movement under the watchful eye of the American media for many years. The SCLC were involved in many other walks and movement looking for liberty and justice for all.