Florida Ecology Project
Dunes & Maritime Forests by Justin & Jordan
Some Vegetation in Dunes & Maritime forest.
The beach sunflower is mainly a coastal dune plant but is also found inland in disturbed areas. Its range is throughout Florida and along the Gulf coast to Texas and along the Atlantic coast to the Carolinas. Each flower head has 10-20 yellow rays 1 to 3 cm long around a maroon center. Like the other sunflowers, the beach sunflower has rough oval leaves.
Saw palmetto grows from South Carolina to south Florida. The saw palmetto provides food, shelter, and nesting sites for a diverse assortment of wildlife, including the Florida panther, the black bear, raccoons, birds, insects, and snakes. The saw palmetto is a shrub with a trunk that reclines and spreads along the ground. The plant may have 10-20 feet (3.48-6.11 m) of its trunk under the surface.
The common name for this small (15 m in height) tree with twisted branches is misleading. Piscidia piscipula is not a member of the dogwood family and bears no resemblance to true dogwoods. The name comes from the strong, decay-resistant wood used for the dog (central axis) of ships. The Jamaican dogwood has thin, gray bark, white to lavender pink flowers borne on long stalks, and rectangular, light brown seed pods. It occurs commonly in coastal areas from Hillsborough County south and is most abundant in the Keys and along Biscayne Bay. In the West Indies Piscidia piscipula is referred to as the fish poison tree because a powder made from its roots, bark, and leaves is used to stun fish.
Development of beach front, with greatest impacts near Ft. Walton, Jacksonville, Palm Beach, Ft. Lauderdale, Miami, and Clearwater-St. Petersburg
By 1975 nearly 20% of Florida's barrier islands had been developed; exotic plants such as Australian pine, Brazilian pepper, and sisal are also a serious problem.
- Non-native plants are killing off native plants.
Apex Predator:Diamond Back Rattle Snake Names.