A Beutiful Country

A brief History of Bolivia

The region now known as Bolivia had been occupied for over 2,000 years when the Aymara arrived. The Spanish conquest of the Inca empire began in 1524, and was mostly completed by 1533. Became independent on August 6, 1825 and their current president is Evo Morales Ayma. Bolivia is located in south America and is land locked between the countries of Brazil, Peru, Argentina, Chile, and Paraguay. It is the world's 28th largest country. Bolivia has dense rain forests all the way to cold Andes mountains. A beautiful nation all its own.
Big image

Culture and Food

Bolivian culture has been heavily influenced by the Quechua, the Aymara, as well as the popular cultures of Latin America as a whole. Cuisine in Bolivia stems mainly from the combination of Spanish cuisine with traditional indigenous Aymara/Inca ingredients, with the addition of later influences from German, Italian, Basque, Russian, Polish, and Arab immigrants.


In 2008, following UNESCO standards, Bolivia was declared free of illiteracy, making it the fourth country in South America to attain this status.[80]

Bolivia has public and private universities. Among them: Universidad Mayor, Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca USFX – Sucre, founded in 1624; Universidad Mayor de San Andres UMSA – La Paz, founded in 1830; Universidad Mayor de San Simon UMSS – Cochabamba, founded in 1832; Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno UAGRM – Santa Cruz de la Sierra, founded in 1880; Universidad Tecnica de Oruro UTO – Oruro, founded in 1892; and Universidad Autónoma Tomás Frías UATF – Potosi, founded in 1892.


Based on 2013 The World Fact book estimates, Bolivia is ranked 161st in life expectancy with a number of 68.2 years. Life expectancy for men is 65.4 and for women is 71.1. A study by the United Nations Development Program and United Nations International Emergency Children's Fund reported over 230 babies died per day in Bolivia through lack of proper care. The majority of the population has no health insurance or access to healthcare


Bolivia has been governed by democratically elected governments since 1982, when a long string of military coups came to an end. The current president is Evo Morales, the first indigenous Bolivian to serve as head of state. The constitution, drafted in 2006–07 and approved in 2009, provides for balanced executive, legislative, judicial, and electoral powers, as well as several levels of autonomy.


The Bolivian military comprises three branches: Ejército (Army), Naval (Navy) and Fuerza Aérea (Air Force). The legal age for voluntary admissions is 18; however, when the numbers are small the government recruits anyone as young as 14.[3] The tour of duty is generally 12 months. The Bolivian government annually spends $130 million on defense.[52]

The Bolivian army has around 31,500 men. There are six military regions (regiones militares—RMs) in the army. The army is organized into ten divisions.