Sir John Franklin

Arctic Explorer

Sir John's Expedition

Sir John Franklin explored the Northwest Passage. The Northwest Passage is a way to go from Europe to Asia on the North side of Canada. He began his explorations before 1819. His last exploration was in 1845, when he was killed searching for the Northwest Passage sometime around 1848.


Sir John sailed on two ships, the HMS Erebus and the HMS Terror. They were equipped with rifles for hunting, compasses, a steam engine, silverware, tin food, lifeboats, sleds, tents, animal skins, lemons, and pick axes. The route that Sir John Franklin traveled took him along the coastlines of Canada and the border of the Arctic Ocean.


Sir John Franklin encountered difficulties that killed him and his crew. These difficulties are scurvy, cold temperatures leading to frostbite, starvation, and polar bears. His two ships were crushed by ice, which made some of the surviving men take lifeboats South to try and survive. Franklin's journey made everyone in London nervous. 11 years later, they found out why they were so nervous.


He helped change the world by mapping thousands of miles of Canadian coastline. He also noted hundreds of plant types and observed a lot about geology and different types of weather.