Unit 2 Enduring & Understanding

By Thor Grotenhuis

Section 1-Analysis

In Unit 2, we learned about why humans migrate, why they create cultural mosaics, and why they create harmony towards conflict and cooperation. Humans move to other places because they are either forced to or choose to. Reasons they would be forced to are because of war, a natural disaster, or because of human trafficking. Reasons humans choose to is because of a new job opportunity, the terrain or weather is more favorable to the person, or because the economy is better. In terms of cultural mosaics, humans create these to spread their culture as well as relate to those who share the same culture. For example, a cook from Germany moves to a town. He then opens up a restaurant in which he makes German foods. This would be an example of this because he is creating a cultural mosaic to connect his nation, Germany, to the town in which he lives in. Lastly, when humans balance the forces of cooperation and conflict among different social groups to create ideas and deals, and to debate and fight. Cooperation is done through normally making deals or treaties, and conflict is normally done because of a disagreement, whether that be because of a war or an idea created by the government.

Section 2-Application

In Unit 2, we learned how to connect real world examples to how, where, and why people migrate, create cultural mosaics, and create cooperation and conflict through social groups. With migration, the most recent event that comes to mind would be the Syrian refugees, who have been force to migrate to the U.S. and all across Europe due to a civil war that is happening in Syria. With cultural mosaics, an example of this would be in Boston, where Irish and Italian influences are found throughout the city in the forms of pubs, pizzerias, and the like. Along with this, many of the people who derive from the same nation normally stay close together. This could be living on the same block or in the same apartment. Lastly, with creating cooperation and conflict among social groups, an example of this is shown all the time, even now with the "stereotypes" being the social groups. With this, the conflict could be the "jocks" and the "nerds" having a bit of a disagreement perhaps during lunch with lunch tables, so maybe some of the nerds are sitting at a table that the jocks normally sit at, which might start a bit of a squabble. An example of cooperation would be the nerds and jocks making a deal to put up boarders for the tables that they will sit at. Power shifting is also something that happens among the group's ranks, which could be caused by new people joining the groups or people leaving the groups. This is both a positive thing and a negative thing. It's a positive thing because one group does not have all of the power all of the time, meaning there is a kind of balance in the chaos. It's a bad thing because even if there is a balance, there is still needless fighting and bickering among the groups, which could be avoided with just the two ignoring each other.

Section 3-Transfer

In Unit 2, I learned how to connect how, where, and why people migrate, create cultural mosaics, and balance the forces of cooperation and conflict among social groups with my life. With migration, I've migrated, though on a lesser level. I've migrated states; I was raised in Ipswich, MA, then moved to Nottingham, NH when I was only a year old. Beyond that, I haven't moved, but my dad has a lot. My dad use to live in Minnesota for the first 7 years of his life, then moved to Atkinson, NH where he lived until his collage years. In those years, he moved to Rhode Island since that was the collage in which he was going to. He then moved to Idaho for a few years, then moved back to New Hampshire. With cultural mosaics, my family creates these all the time. Since my dad's side of the family is Norwegian, they normally make Scandinavian meals at various gatherings and holidays. Not only with food, but plenty of decor and traditions hold true to the holidays as well. Finally, with how humans balance cooperation and conflict, my family has a lot of balance with cooperation and conflict. While not huge disagreements, but little debates are paired with various group projects and ideas created mainly among my aunts and uncles along with my dad.

Bullets and Ballots

Along with all of this, my Cultural Geography class had done a Bullets and Ballots activity, in which I was a part of the USA group. Our goals were to have the people of Guatemala elect a democratic leader, and by no circumstances instill a communist leader. For the most part we allied ourselves with all of the groups, but kept everything quiet. Within the game however, there were various power shifts among the groups, which saw the transfer of MSUs as well as the silencing of different party members. For much of the game, the Army and Wealthy had the most MSUs, which meant that they could silence (kill) or kidnap anyone from any group save for the United States. This had been shown through the silencing of two people as well as the kidnapping of the president of the Peasants. Most of the power shifting came from treaties made, this resembling cooperation, and the many skirmishes done by the Guerrillas and the Army and Wealthy, representing conflict. At the end, the Army and Wealthy pulled their take-over card, where they tried to instill a communist leader, however, we pulled our take-over card where we had selected a democratic leader to run Guatemala. This was a fun and interesting event indeed.

The Future

In Unit 2, there were certain patters that were shown as to how, where, and why humans migrate, create cultural mosaics, and balance the forces of cooperation and conflict among social groups. In predicting the future, with migration, I believe that there will be another huge civil war in one of the middle eastern countries that will drive the citizens of the nation out and force them to migrate. Due to this, they will migrate to the U.S., and, with the other refugees that have established a citizenship in America, will start to create their own cultural mosaics and expand their influence in the cities they live in. With cooperation and conflict between social groups, there will probably continue to be conflicts between social groups, as well as cooperation among others to aid each other in their struggles. There may even be another civil war in the U.S. I predict this because as we continue down the line of presidency, we are getting further and further from how society use to be. Back in the day, gays were despised and casted out of everyone else. Now, they have their own rights and are respected among our society. With abortion leaning more over to pro-choice over pro-life, and with new gun laws starting to come up, the heavily Christian and gun-loving South will start getting very mad, just like they did with how Abraham Lincoln wanted to abolish slavery in the U.S. The South disagreed and thus the Civil War was born. I feel like if it happened before, it'll happen again. That is my prediction for the future based on evidence and patterns present in Unit 2.