Salvador Dali

84 years

Background history

Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Spain. His father was a lawyer, and in 1921, his mother, Felipa, died of breast cancer. He married his deceased wife's sister, who Dali respected as an aunt, but still fought with these issues with his dad until he died. He had a younger sister Ana Maria and an older brother, who was also named Salvador, but died of gastroenteritis 9 months before he was born. He studied at an academy in Madrid and then went on to Paris in the 1920's and began working with Picasso, Magritte, and Miro.
In 1982, his wife, Gala, died, and he had to retire form painting because of his motor disorder. In November 1988, Dali entered the hospital with a failing heart, and then returned to Teatro Museo. His flamboyant personality and unusual mustache died of heart failure on January 23, 1989, and well always be well known for his cutting-edge work.

Art Movements

Dali's outlook on life led him to using philosophy to influence his work throughout his life. He dabbled in the art movement called Dada, a World War 1 anti-cultural movement. These experiments led to his first Surrealistic period in 1929 with oil paintings of small collages of his dream images. He frequently read Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theories and called his own contribution to art the "paranoiac-critical method." He would create a reality from his dreams and subconscious thoughts, changing reality to what he wanted.
In 1929, Salvador expanded into film-making. His art appeared in several films, including the 1945 movie, Spellbound. His work was used as a dream sequence, and helped the plot by giving clues to solving the secret to John Ballantine's psychological problems.
During World War 2, Dali and his wife moved to the United States, where the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art in New York gave him his own exhibit in 1941. He moved away from Surrealism and into the classical period during this time. He called this period "Nuclear Mysticism" because he would incorporate optical illusions and geometry in his paintings.

The Persistence of Memory

This is my favorite work by Dali because it is the most unique and is very famous. I like how he used objects that were weird and how he used irony. He used this my melting objects in the desert.