Later Dynasties of Egypt

Climate & Geography/Human Environment Interaction

Every year when the NIle flooded, farmers would grow a surplus of food from the rich soil from the overflooded Nile. Egypt also had natural barriers to give protection against invasion.

Writing, Language, Religions/Belief Structures

Religion was an important part of the Egyptian lifestyle. It was inseparable.

Egyptians wrote in about four different writing systems, with the most famous (and the most complex) being hieroglyphics.

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Political & Social Structures

The Pharaoh was the political and religious leader. The social structure was organized like a pyramid. The noble and priests shared a upper class with the pharaoh. Below the upper class was merchants, artisans, scribes, as well as tax collectors. Below the middle class is the lower class, full of peasants.
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Accomplishments/Technology/Philosophy

Pyramids, temples, hieroglyphics, and advancements in mathematics are some accomplishments Ancient Egypt can lay claim to. They also developed an accurate 365 day calendar based on the star Sirius. They would discipline boys under the saying: "A boy's ears are on his back. He only listens when he is beaten."
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Fall/Decline

Egypt started to decline when the Old Kingdom fell apart. Once the New Kingdom fell, Egypt was invaded. When the Pharaoh Cleopatra VIII rose to power, she tried to reinstate Egypt as an independent country in the first century B.C. Her involvement with Rome lead to the fall of Egypt. After this, Egypt became a province of Rome.

Vocabulary from section *in context of explanations*

Dynasty

Pharaoh

Bureaucracy

Vizier

Mummification

Hieroglyphics

Hieratic Script

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