3 Battles of the Civil War In Texas

Gavelston Is. (Jan. 1, 1863)

The Battle of Galveston was a confederate won battle. The battle took place in 1863. This battle occurred because President Lincoln ordered a blockade on the island of Galveston. So on January First of 1863, General Magruder ordered an attack on the taking back of Galveston island.

Sabine Pass (Sept. 8, 1863)

The Sabine pass battle took place in 1863 along the Sabine River in the Southeastern area of Texas. This battle took place because two Union ships were trying to go up the Sabine River and the Confederates shot them both down. No other Union ships tried to come up the river after this occurred.

Palmito Ranch (May 12, 1865)

This battle ended up being a sad battle for the Confederates even though they won. The war had already been surrendered by General Robert E. Lee. They won the battle but lost the war. The reason this battle still took place was because the word of the Confederates had not been sent out the forces of Palmito Ranch.

The Problems and Tensions

One of the main tensions in the wartime was the Draft. The Draft was when the Confederate Army made men and young men join the war without a choice. This made a lot of Families worry and stressed. The people of Texas still felt the pains of war as of loss of sons and husbands. The problem of absences of them left double and triple the responsibilities for the ones that were left. Another problem was the U.S. set a blockade and it reduced the sale of farm products and the economy of Texas was getting worse. http://farmflavor.com/us-ag/alabama/top-agriculture-products/cotton-and-corn-are-king-of-the-crops/

Wartime economy: Economics/ Inflation

The Texans still continued to raise cotton and cattle and raising other products. The war dramatically effected the agriculture. It got effected because the Union put up a blockade closing the ports on the Gulf of Mexico. The women had to take over the men's jobs and work. The women had to run the post office and in and stores. The prices of horses went up by a couple hundred Confederate dollars.

Women and the War Effort

Although the women could not go to war, they had to take over the men's jobs back home. Many of them became shop owners, farmers, and ranchers. The women took over for the men because the men were taken into a draft where they had to go to war. That was not easy for most families because the women were not treated as highly as men; meaning that they did not have the same respect. the women also had to tend to the wounded and sick soldiers. Their main effort was keeping the state's towns running and making sure their kids and jobs got done.

Hardships on the Home Front and at least 3 substitute items

The hardships were the lack of good or necessities. The blockade from the Union was stopping the Normal imports of clothes, and shoes became very scarce. The medicines and supplies for hospitals were sent into battle lines to be sent out instead of the towns. The Texans began to use the corn and acorns got brewed into drinks such as coffee. The honey took place of sugar and the homemade clothes became more commonly worn clothes than store purchased ones. The herbs began to place of medicines; the Natives were well known for using herbs for medicines and healers.

Unionism and Conscientious Objectors

For the Union, they had many men who did not want to fight in the Civil War because of their religious beliefs, and they did not think that people should have the right to bear arms or have weapons. These men were from different religious groups, but all had the common understanding that they did not want to be in the Civil War. They were called Conscientious Objectors. In the Union, many of these men enlisted and were assigned to non-fighting roles, like serving in hospitals and taking care of the sick when they were sent home. In February of 1864, Congress addressed the issue by forcing these men to go through the draft but allowing them to chose roles where they were not in combat. They could also give $300 to donate to the sick or wounded soldiers.