Mallory Darr Honors World History 4B
The Assembly Reforms France
The National Assembly came up with a revolutionary idea; the Declaration of Rights of Men and of the Citizen. The document stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights." This document also guarantees citizens "liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression." Many of the National Assembly focused on the Catholic Church. They believed that the pope should rule over a church independent of the state.
For two years, the National Assembly wanted a new constitution for France. By 1791 the there were major changes to France's government and society. In september of 1791, the National Assembly completed the new constitution. This created a limited constitutional monarchy. It also created a new legislative body called the Legislative Assembly. The king was stripped from most of his authority.
War and Execution
The war began badly for the French because Prussian forces were advancing on Paris. About 20,000 men and women invaded the Tuileries, where the royal family was staying. For several days in early September, they raided the prisons and murdered about 1,000 prisoners. In February 1793, there was a draft of 300,000 people in France ranging from the age of 18 to 40, By 1974, there were about 800,000 men and women in the army.
The Terror Grips France
Foreign armies were not the only enemies of the French Republic. These included peasants, priests, and rival leaders. Thousands of unknown people were sent to their deaths for pointless charges. There were about 40,000 people that were killed during the Terror. 85% of those people were peasants or people that didn't have that much money.
End of the Terror
In July of 1794 some members of the National Convention turned on Robespierre, who was the mastermind of the Terror. They wanted him to be arrested and executed. The Reign of Terror during the French Revolution ended on July 28th, 1794 when Robespierre was killed.