By: Tanya Koshy
Role of Women
Women played a vital role in the American Revolution. Although women were seen as inferior to men, during the Revolution women started taking initiative. Some women started political riots and protests in favor of the Revolution. Others supported the Revolution by running their families, farms, and shops while their husbands were in the army. In addition to this support, some women took an extended leap of courage and enlisted in the army, disguised as men to fight for their independence.
"Common Sense" by Thomas Paine was a pamphlet that advocated independence of the American colonies from Britain. At the time, it was considered one of the most influential pamphlets in America. "Common Sense" essentially united the colonists, and helped the colonists decide whether freedom was worth seeking. During this time, many of the people in the colonies we either neutral or sided with Britain. This pamphlet encouraged colonists that were undecided on their viewpoints of Revolution to side with the patriots and seek independence.
Origins of the Revolution
The first spark to revolution was the overtaxation of the colonies. After the French and Indian War, Britain imposed large-scale taxes on American goods and trade. Many Acts were established to restrict the trade and raise income for the British government. Ultimately, Britain wanted stronger control over the colonies' and therefore implicated "taxation without representation".
Loyalists were colonists that were still loyal to the King, and sided with the British against independence. Many of them had chosen against independence due to their fear. America was an inexperienced, untrained country going up against the most dominant force in the world, England. Many colonist's were in fear that America didn't stand a chance, and if they were to lose, King George would punish them far worse than he had previously. Loyalists were seen as traitors in the eyes of the Patriots.
France and It's Role
France played a critical role in the American fight for independence. After the colonists had shown their strength to potentially defeat the British in the Battle of Saratoga, France decided to aid the colonies. Although, France had it's own reasons for joining the battle against Britain they still aided the American colonies to get their independence. French military leaders introduced new tactics, weapons, and improvement of hygiene and skill to the untrained American soldiers. With the aid of the French, America's chance of defeating the British had skyrocketed.