Religions

Greta Elkin

Christianity

Christians are Monotheistic but still believe in the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). The Holy Book for Christians is the Bible. Figures in Christianity include Jesus, God, Adam, Eve, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Mary. The holidays they celebrate are Christmas, Easter, and Advent. Christmas is celebrated because of Jesus' birth. Easter is celebrated because of Christ's resurrection. Advent is celebrated because it reminds people of what people should do. It also is a time to look back over their lives. Symbols that represent Christianity are the cross, the ten commandments, the bible, doves, and fish. Most Christians worship in churches, but you can worship at your home. Their central beliefs are that Jesus died on the cross for their sins and that God is the Messiah. You can find Christians all over the world like in the U.S, Brazil, Mexico, Asia, and the Middle East.

Islam

Islam is a Monotheistic religion that believes in God but with a different story and a different name. The Holy Book they use is called the Quran. Some of the figures they worship are Jesus, Muhammed, Noah, Abraham, Moses and finally what they call God, Allah. Allah is what they believe is the ruler of the Heaven and Earth. Some holidays they celebrate are Ramadan, Laylat al-Aqdr, Eid al-Fitr, Haji, Day of Arafat, and Eid al - Adha. Some symbols that represent Islam are The star and Crescent and Allah in Arabic. Their house of worship is called a Mosque. One of their bigger beliefs is that Jesus is just a prophet and the messiah has not yet came. The fiver pillars are also a very big belief. You can find Islams in the Middle East, Northern Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, Western Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Eastern Africa, Balkan Pennisula, Russia, and China.


Five Pillars


-Fast during the month of Ramadan

-Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca

-Help the needy

-Beliefs in Allah

-Visit Mecca once in your life

Judaism

Judaism is monotheistic which means that they believe in one god. The holy book that is used is called the Torah. Some figures they worship include Abraham, Moses, and God. They believe that Abraham is the founder and father of Judaism. Holidays they celebrate are Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret, Passover, Shabbat, and Shavu'ot. This is just some of the many, many holidays they celebrate. Some symbols that represent Judaism are the Mezuzah and the Tefillin. Their houses of worship are called Mosque. A central belief is that there is only one god and that he made the whole universe. He has relationships with the every single person as a whole but they also believe that he has very personal relationships with each Jew. You can find Jews in Israel, North America, South America, Europe, and Asia.

Buddism

As I found out, Buddhism is neither monotheistic or polytheistic. The holy book is called the Tripitaka. Some of the religious figures that were very important were the Buddha and Hotei. Holidays they celebrate include Buddhist New Year, Vesak, Uposatha, and The Elephant Festival. Some of the symbols are the Bohdi Tree, Eight Spoked Wheel, and a begging bowl. Their house of worship is called the Monasteries. A big belief is that you must follow the four noble truths. You can find Judaism in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Cambodia, Loas, Japan, Cina, India, Pakistan, and Nepal.

Hinduism

Hinduism is polytheistic because they believe in many gods. Their holy book is called the Vedas. Some figures they worship are The Buddha, The Bhakti Saints, and Ghandi. Holidays include Basant Panchami, Dashara, Diwali, and Durga Puja. These are just some of the many holidays. A symbol of Hinduism is Om, Hands in Prayer, and Lotus. Their house of worship is Mandiram. One of the bigger beliefs is that Hindus believe in the divinity of the four Vedas. They also believe in Carma. You can find Hinduism in Indian subcontinents, Southeast Asia, Fiji, Guyana, Trinidad, Mauritius, Suriname, Bali, Australasia, North America, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Malaysia, and Switzerland.