# Processes and Procedures

## Introduction

Hi. I'm MM, I'm SS, and I'm AK. We are going to teach you about processes and procedures of scientific investigations.

## About

Today you will learn about processes and procedures of scientific investigations. You will learn about different topics and at the end you will be able to answer some questions to see what you learned.

## Data

Data are pieces of information. Data includes facts and observations.

## Variable

A variable is the condition you change in an experiment.

## Investigation

An investigation is when you ask a question and collect Data to answer it.

## Conclusions

A conclusion is an answer to a scientific question.

## Experiment

An experiment is when a person changes the condition and observes the effects of the change.

## Asking Scientific Questions

Not all questions are scientific questions. For something to be a scientific question, you have to have data to answer the question. One example of a scientific question is, which animal in the zoo weighs the most? You have to record how much each animal weighs in the zoo and that is collecting data. One example of a question that is not scientific is, why is pie so good? You do not need to collect data to answer that question.

## Types of Scientific Investigations

You can do many things to learn about something. You can do an investigation, or you can do an experiment.

## Designing a fair experiment

When you design an experiment, if you have to many variables, you won't be able to tell what caused the change or conclusion.

## Collecting Data

Data is used to show information. The easiest way to record data is to make a table.

## Drawing conclusions

When you are done analyzing your data, you draw conclusions by taking what you learned and explaining it.

## Question #1.

1. Which of these is not a procedure of finding the answer to a scientific question?

A. Make an observation

B. Ask a scientific question

C. Get your eraser

D. Make a conclusion

## Question #2.

2. True or false.

A conclusion is the answer to a scientific question?

3. What is data?

## Question #4.

4.Which of these questions is a scientific question?

A. Is pie really good?

B. Why is my shirt prettier than hers?

C. Is it more fun to swim or eat?

D.What causes a redwood tree to grow so tall?