Bill of Rights
1st Bill of Rights
The government can not pass laws against religion, free speech, petition and protest and freedom of press
Miller v.s. California: A man sent out inappropriate brochures and was arrested, the court ruled that obscene material was not protected by the first amendment.
2nd Bill of Rights
Government can not take away our guns, and the people are allowed to create a militia if need be.
Bliss v.s. Commonwealth: A man was carrying a sword inside a cane and was arrested for it, he appealed to the state of Kentucky and they chose to favor bliss.
3rd Bill of Rights
The government can not force the people to allow soldiers in our houses in time of peace or war.
Nevada Man: A man in Nevada claimed that police forcefully took over his home for a tactical advantage, he claimed that they pepper sprayed him and his dog and that they ate and drank his food.
4th Bill of Rights
No one can go through and search your personal effects or your house unless they have a warrant.
Boyd v.s. United States: A man made a deal with the government that he could import glass really cheap as long as he helped them with something and they eventually figured he was probably using the deal to get cheap glass that was not for the government. They took him to court and they made him show the records of his purchases and he pleaded the 4th.
5th Bill of Righs
You do not have to testify or provide evidence against yourself in court, you can only be tried once for a crime (per offence).
Salinas v.s. Texas: A man was being tried for the murder of two brothers, when they questioned him in court he said that that was against his 5th amendment and they let him leave.
6th Bill of Rights
The people have the right to a speedy trial, you get to be judged by a jury with no previous experience or opinion of you, you get to be told what you are being accused of and who is accusing you, and you get the right to a lawyer and a witness.
Barker v.s. Wingo: Two men were suspects in a crime and one believed he was held to long before his trial date, his claim was denied and he received a life sentence.
7th Bill of Rights
The people have right to trial by jury in civil cases involving lots of money.
8th Bill of Rights
9th Bill of Rights
10th Bill of RIghts
If the constitution didn't give the right to the government then it belongs to the states and people.
Hammer v.s. Dagenhart: Child Labor was to be made illegal and a man who worked with his teenage sons felt this was unconstitutional and sued, he lost.