cultural china revolution
how it began,who the red guards are,how it affected the population
*The cultural revolution, formally the great proletarian, was a sociopolitical movement that took place in the peoples republic of china from 1966 until 1976.
*Set into motion by Mao, then chairman of the communist party of china, its stated goal was to preserve 'true' communist ideology in the country by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose maoist thought as the dominant ideology within the Party.
*The Revolution marked the return of Mao Zedong to a position of power after the great leap forward
* The movement paralyzed China politically and significantly affected the country's economy and society.
*The Revolution was launched in May 1966, after Mao alleged that bourgeois elements had infiltrated the government and society at large, aiming to restore capitalism.
Who the red guards are
*In 1966, a group of middle school students in Beijing named themselves "Chairman Mao's Red guards
*Mao's support for them led to the name red guard being adopted by groups who were sanctioned by Mao and his supporters to "rebel against the system" all over China.
*red guards were a fantasied student mass paramilitary social movement mobilized by Mao Zedong in 1966 and 1967, during the cultural revolution.
*Mao was thus making a bid to regain control of the CCP from his colleagues, but the Red Guards who responded in August 1966 to his summons fancied themselves as new revolutionary rebels pledged to eliminating all remnants of the old culture in China, as well as purging all supposedly bourgeois elements within the government.
*Several million Red Guards journeyed to Beijing to meet with Mao in eight massive demonstrations late in 1966, and the total number of Red Guards throughout the country may have reached 11 million at some point.
How it affected the population
*1.5 million people were killed during the Cultural Revolution,
* millions of others suffered imprisonment, seizure of property, torture or general humiliation.
*The Cultural Revolution’s short-term effects may have been felt mainly in China’s cities, but its long-term effects would impact the entire country for decades to come.
*Mao’s large-scale attack on the party and system
*Mao had created would eventually produce a result opposite to what he intended, leading many Chinese to lose faith in their government altogether.