How is different will Canada be from now to 2060?
In the future I think the birth and death rate would go up because as the population grows there will be a larger amount of children being born and many more deaths which would lead to the natural increase rate to raise. I also think the grouping of the age group of the population will become more evenly distributed meaning the dependency load may become larger but that means there are more young adults going to work.
In the population pyramids below is shows Canada's age group distribution in 2015 compared to the future in 2050 (it is a decade apart from 2060 but not much will change) and as you can see the distribution of the population for each age group has gone up as well as the age groups are more closer in population. If you look at the age 95-100+ you can notice how much is actually went up because of the fact that in the future we would have invented much more better machines and methods of medical care which leads to longer and happier lives. Also if you notice for the age groups if you look you can see from the age of 90 and up there's an substantially larger population from woman than men.
First Nation Communities
In 2060 I think the First Nations communities would have got to the government and got what they've been demanding for many years. I think the First Nations people will gain the respect and demands they've been working hard to get for many years. Meaning the First Nations would get the land they want and they won't start protests against the government.
Canada prioritizes economic immigrants that can contribute to our society. If you look at the Express Entry system Canada started up, it is basically a system that prioritizes the educated and more skilled immigrants so they could bypass the immigration process and obtain a permanent resident Visa within Canada.
In the future I think the immigration policies will get more strict and it will be hard for even skilled worker to get into Canada because I think in 2060 because of the current use of resources like oil and metals their will be wars over it and because of these wars it would be pretty difficult for the immigrants to be entered into Canada. Also I think leading to 2060 I think there would be so many economic immigrants coming to Canada there would be too many of them also that would be why Canada's immigration policies would get more strict.