Anabolic Steroids

Samantha Sonday, 2

What are anabolic steroids?

  • synthetic variants of the male sex hormone testosterone

  • anabolic-androgenic steroids (abbreviated AAS)—“anabolic” referring to muscle-building and “androgenic” referring to increased male sexual characteristics

  • Legally prescribed to treat the following medical diseases: Steroid hormone deficiency (like delayed puberty), and for people who have the loss of lean muscle mass (from cancer and aids).

  • Abusers usually get it illegally, and the usual illegal doses given to abusers is around 10 to 100 times higher than what doctors would prescribe to patients who need it

Nicknames for the drug?

  • Gym Candy

  • Pumpers

  • Stackers

  • Weight Trainers

  • Gear

  • Juice

Effects for BOTH men and women:


  • Acne

  • Fluid retention

  • Rapid weight gain

  • Increased blood pressure and cholesterol levels

  • Insomnia (inability to sleep)

  • Headaches

  • Reduced sexual functioning

  • Increase in muscle size

  • Swelling of feet and ankles

  • Improved healing

  • Improved appetite

  • Blood clotting difficulties

  • Heart attacks

  • Clotting disorders

  • Cardiovascular, liver, and reproductive organ damage

  • Premature heart attacks and strokes

  • Reduced sexual functioning

  • Stunted growth in adolescents

  • Increased chance of injuring ligaments, tendons and muscles

  • When injecting: bacterial infections, abscesses, cellulitis, and HIV/AIDS

  • Increase in muscle size

Signs of Abuse:

  1. Big guts or distended stomach

  2. Preferential development of the upper body muscles, especially lats;

  3. Gynecomastia (extra fat surrounds the nipple- meaning female features)

  4. Stretch marks and/or acne;

  5. Unreasonably fast body transformation.

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Dependence and Addiction:

An undetermined percentage of steroid abusers may become addicted to the drugs, as evidenced by their continued abuse despite physical problems and negative effects on social relations. Also, steroid abusers typically spend large amounts of time and money obtaining the drugs, which is another indication that they may be addicted. Individuals who abuse steroids can experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking steroids, such as mood swings, fatigue, restlessness, loss of appetite, insomnia, reduced sex drive, and steroid cravings. The most dangerous of the withdrawal symptoms is depression, because it sometimes leads to suicide attempts. If left untreated, some depressive symptoms associated with anabolic steroid withdrawal have been known to persist for a year or more after the abuser stops taking the drugs. People develop a physical addiction to anabolic steroids.