Anatomy 1B

What is a tattoo?

A tattoo is a puncture wound, made deep into your skin, that is filled with ink. Which is made by penetrating the skin with a needle and injecting ink into the area to form some kind of design.

What is the process of tattooing?

Step by step:

1. Payment and paperwork - Must have valid proof of identification and be 18 years of age, most parlors require you to pay in advance before your tattoo is finished.

2. Seat in the comfy chair - The tattoo artist get's you situated and comfortable in the room, private if you prefer.

3. Clean shave - The area where you are receiving the tattoo is shaved, so there is no chance of the tiniest of hairs causing any problems.

4. Applying the stencil transfer - The artist prepares your stencil for transfer and then moistens the skin around area and transfers the paper onto your skin leaving a blue/purple residue trace of your tattoo.

5. Machine preparation - As you are getting comfy the artist will prepare the ink that will be used in your tattoo and sterilize all other equipment.

6. Line work - Ointment will be placed over the transfer to make it easier for the needle to glide, and then the beginning line work starts.

7. Shading and color - Once line work is finished your artist will begin to get creative and add color and shading to parts of the tattoo.

8. Picture time - Once your tattoo is finished the artist will most likely take a picture and clean up the tattooed area.

9. Bandaging - Ointment will be applied to protect your skin from any infection and then a bandage will be applied, *note* it is important to keep the bandage on for the appropriate time your artist instructs.

10. Aftercare - Instructions will be given to you verbally and on a piece of paper for continued care.

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Why get a tattoo?

- Self expression (allows you to be an individual and express to everyone what makes you unique, "what makes you, you")

- Tribute to someone/something (also a form of mourning, gives people a way to still feel connected to a loved one and to not completely forget about them)

- Display art (just like art museums, you body is an opportunity to display your artwork to the world)

*Interesting Fact*

Tattoos have been around for a long, long time dating back to 3300 BC. Found on mummified bodies worn as decorations, tattoos were adorned as part of their culture.

What makes a tattoo so permanent?

Tattoo ink is injected very deep into the skin, specifically injected into the dermis (very stable, second layer of the skin) which is beneath the epidermis (the very top layer of skin that continues to be produced.) However the tattoo itself is not bad for your skin once it's healed, Issues arise when complications occur during the healing process. When done correctly and in a sterile environment, complications are uncommon, the only immediate discomforts may be bleeding or pain.


- Dermis: Middle layer of the skin that includes (hair follicles, sebaceous glands containing sebum, sweat glands, and oil glands) Which is just where the tattoo stays and where the skin heals around it.

Not effected

- Epidermis: Outermost layer of the skin, that protects the body from the environment, it's made up of 5 sub layers that work to rebuild the surface of the skin (basal cell layer, squamous layer, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, stratum cornuem) The tattoo ink is injected past the epidermis layer into the dermis layer, but the epidermis heals itself very quickly because of it's many layers of skin.

- Subcutaneous Layer (hypodermis): Innermost layer of the skin containing a network of adipose and collagen cells)

- Sensory receptor: Located throughout the skin that generate impulse when activated

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