Chapter 4 Vocabulary

Taylor Rust Per.6

Imperialism

An economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations

Protectorate

A country that is technically independent but is actually under the control of another country.

Anglo-Saxonism

The idea that English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, and systems of government and were destined to dominate the planet.

Social Darwinism

Concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics.

Spanish American War

1898 war between U.S. and Spain. The U.S. gained territories in the Caribbean and Pacific.

Yellow Journalism

Journalism that is fabricated. Used yellow journalism before the Spanish American War.

Great White Fleet

The popular nickname for the U.S. navy battle fleet that completed the circumnavigation of the globe.

Open Door Policy

This policy declared that other nations must share trading rights with the U.S.

Boxer Rebellion

In 1900 secret Chinese societies attacked foreigners, killing hundreds of Christian missionaries, and others.

Dollar Diplomacy

Under Taft; it was the effort of the U.S. to further its aims in Latin America through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.

Roosevelt Corollary

was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union address in 1904 after the Venezuela Crisis of 1902–03.

Big Stick Diplomacy

Under Roosevelt; The assertion of U.S. dominance, Navy is the Big "Stick"

Moral Diplomacy

Under Wilson; Support is only given to countries who's moral beliefs are similar to the U.S.

Panama Canal

Canals connect bodies of water so that ships can travel between them; The Panama Canal was created by the U.S. supporting Panama with the rebellion against Colombia.

Isolationism

a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.

Propaganda

Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.

Lusitania

MS Lusitania was a British ocean liner. It was sunk by German submarines.

Militarism

Idea that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests

Alliances

Agreement between 2 or more countries to "back" another.

Nationalism

Extreme devotion to one's country

Zimmerman Telegraphy

The telegraph sent to Mexico from Germany, stating that they wanted to Mexico to ally with them, and in return Germany would help Mexico get their independence.

War Industries Board

Was a United States government agency established on July 28, 1917, during World War I, to coordinate the purchase of war supplies.

Victory Garden

People raise their own vegetables in order to leave more food for the troops.

Liberty Bonds

To raise money to pay for war, the began selling Liberty Bonds.

Wilson's 14 points

Wilson proposed a 14-point program for world peace. These points were later taken as the basis for peace negotiations at the end of the war.

League of Nations

Was an intergovernmental organization as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the WWI.

Great Migration

Between 300,000 - 500,000 African Americans left the South to settle in the North.

Henry Cabot Lodge

An American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts.

Queen Liliuokalani

Queen Liliuokalani was the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

Alfred T. Mahan

A United States Navy admiral, geostrategist, and historian, who has been called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century

Joseph Pulitzer

Hungarian-born American newspaper publisher of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World. Pulitzer introduced the techniques of "new journalism" to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s

William Randolph Hearst

American newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest newspaper chain

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt, often referred to as Teddy or TR, was an American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist, and reformer who served as the 26th President of the United States, from 1901 to 1909

William McKinley

US President before Teddy Roosevelt. assassinated

Woodrow Wilson

Democratic president after Roosevelt and Taft. Created the 14 points and Moral Diplomacy.

Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand

Assassinated archduke that essentially and unintentionally started WWI

Platt Amendment

Platt Amendment passed which amended the 1901 Army Appropriations Bill. It stipulated seven conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish–American War

Espionage & Sedition Acts

Acts passed in 1917 - 1918 that stated there was no spying to acquire secret government information, and it made it illegal to criticize the president or the government.