Judaism

Followers are called Jews

All About Judaism

Judaism is a monotheistic religion founded by Abraham. Jews go to worship at a Synagogue on Friday evening to Saturday evening. The special person who leads the sermon at the Synagogue is called a Rabbi. Jews believe they need to live according to the Torah, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Some Jews eat Kosher food, food that conforms to the Jewish law, having no pork, shellfish, or mixing of milk and meat products. Jews hold special ceremonies called Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah. Bar Mitzvah is for boys at age 13 and Bat Mitzvah is for girls at age 12. It is held so boys and girls can become adults according to the Jewish religion. The Jewish scripture is called the TeNaCH (TeNaK). The T stands for the Torah, The N stands for the Nevi'im, and the Ch or K stands for the Ketuvim. There are four holy days that the Jews celebrate. The first is called Rosh Hashanah, which is the Jewish New Year. Fasting also starts on this day. The second is called Yom Kipper, where the fasting ends and the Jews celebrate. The third is called Passover, where Jews hold an 8 day festival celebratedto the liberation of the Children of Israel. The last one is called Hanukkah, which is known as the Festival of Lights. It is the re dedication of the second temple in Jerusalem. The Holy Temple is a common holy site in Jerusalem and is the first Jewish temple.

Common Beliefs

All three of the religions practiced in Middle East North Africa, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, believe in The God of Abraham, or Abraham. Each religion is monotheistic, meaning they believe in one god.