The first major civilization in Greece started about 3,000 B.C on the island of Crete. Greece was one of the greatest civilizations because they had a strong army. Many factors made Ancient Greece amazing.
Greece is a group of big islands with many mountains. Mt. Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece. It is 9,500 feet tall and the supposed place of where the gods lived. Farming was difficult in ancient Greece because the soil was terrible and it was very hot there. The rocky hills were great for growing grapes and for goats to climb. Almost all of Greece was surrounded by water. A lot of Greeks were fishermen.
Greek gods were worshipped and feared. Zeus was the king of all gods and had two brothers named Poseidon and Hades. Poseidon was the god of the seas and he had a trident. He was referred to as the "earth-shaker". Hades was the god of the underworld and death. The underworld was called the "house of hades."
Architecture is the art we live in. Ancient Greeks invented three classical columns called the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric and Ionic were used for temples. The Doric was used for the Parthenon. The Doric had square slabs at the tops.
Animals were often sacrifices to the gods. Horses were often used in the Olympics and other competitions. Pegasus was a mythical winged horse. Another myth was a centaur.
It was half-man and half-horse. Centaurs were crude and unwelcoming.
Warfare was seen as necessary human evil. Armor was important and rich people could get better armor. Soldiers thanked the gods by putting their armor on trees. All men were in the army for two years after the were 18. Boys in Sparta were taken from their homes at age seven.
there were many famous people in ancient Greece. Pythagoras was a philosopher and mathematician and was known as the "father of numbers". Aristotle was referred to as "the philosopher". Archimedes was a scientist who found out how things float.
As you can see, there were many strengths in ancient Greece. A reason for studying ancient Greece is to understand how people lived long ago.