Erik Erikson

By Jake Hinman and Josh Craig

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Background

-Born June 15th, 1902

-Died May 12th, 1994

-German born American psychologist and psychoanalyst know for his theory on psychosocial development

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8 Stages of Development & Examples

Trust vs Mistrust- Is the world a safe place or is it full of unpredictable events and accidents waiting to happen? Ex- When children are looking around at the surroundings to see what is good and what is bad.


Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt- The child is developing physically and becoming more mobile. Ex- When children begin to wounder around the environment that they are in they can crawl or begin to walk.


Initiative vs Guilt- Around ages 3-5, children assert themselves more frequently. Ex- The ability to write letters makes it easier for them to write a story.


Industry vs Inferiority- Children are at the stage (5-13 years old) where they will be learning to read and write, to do sums, and to do things on their own. Ex-When a child needs help with his or her homework when they don't understand the subject.


Identity vs Role Confusion- During adolescence (12-18 years old), the transition from childhood to adulthood is most important. Ex- When the child should have knowledge that they get from school or experience and use it in life.


Intimacy vs Isolation- Occurring in young adulthood (18-40 years old), we begin to share ourselves more intimately with others. Ex- When you develop relationships with others this could be friends or co-workers.


Generativity vs Stagnation- During middle adulthood (40-65 years old), we establish our careers, settle down within a relationship, begin our own families and develop a sense of being a part of the bigger picture. Ex- We see that life should be lived to the fullest and we want to start to have more in life than you , this is when you start to have a family.


Ego Integrity vs Despair- As we grow older (65+ years old) and become senior citizens, we tend to slow down our productivity, and explore life as a retired person. Ex-This stage of life is when life slows down your kids are out of the house and you want to relax.

Interesting Facts

-Never got a Bachelors Degree.

-He was a teacher of the arts.

-Friends with Sigmund Freud's daughter named Anna.

-Became interested in studying about psychoanalyst after he met Anna Freud.

-He was the first child psychoanalyst in the city of Boston.

How Erik Erikson's 8 stages links to child development

His first 3 stages links to infants from ages 0-5 years old the beginning stages all have major development in many place on of the biggest development is in the Autonomy vs Shame / Doubt stage this is when the child starts developing physically and becoming more mobile. In the Initiative vs Guilt stage the child tells others how they feel. The stages link to this course because basic development of the child in the early stages of life.

Works Cited

"Erik Erikson." Erik Erikson. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2016.


"Erik H. Erikson." Erikson Institute. N.p., 29 Nov. 2012. Web. 04 Apr. 2016.


The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Erik H. Erikson." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2016.