Inflamed or infected sebaceous glands in the skin

What are the different types of Acne?

Whiteheads, blackheads, nodules, cysts, and conglobata are some of the different types of acne. Whiteheads are small zits with white on top. They appear when follicles are clogged with sebum, an oily secretion, and dead skin cells. Blackheads look like black dots on your skin. Blackheads are caused from pores getting clogged with oil, dirt, or debris. Nodules, cysts, and conglobata are more severe acne that are bumps filled with pus. They can cause severe and permanent damage to the skin if it is not taken care of. A dermatologist is generally involved when experiencing nodules, cysts, conglobata or if topical creams or face washes aren't helping.

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What Causes Acne?

Acne is a skin disease that usually occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands start becoming active. Acne can appear on the face, back, shoulders, chest, and neck. Acne is caused when a hair follicle gets clogged with oil, dirt, or everyday debris. Experts believe the main cause of acne is the rise of hormone levels and is possibly genetic. Acne can also be caused from menstrual cycle, anxiety, stress, oily make up, greasy hair, and trying to pop the zits.


Can Acne Be Transmitted?

No, acne can not be transmitted. Acne is not a contagious skin infection like impetigo or ringworm. Acne is caused by plugging pores with skin cells, an excess amount of oil, and the bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes. Propionibacterium acnes are not contagious, it can not be passed from person to person by a hug, kiss, or touching the acne. But, when pores are plugged with dead skin cells and oil it makes an environment where the Propionibacterium acnes live off of. Also, touching of the face or popping zits causes acne bacteria to spread in result of whiteheads and blackheads.

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What Are the Symptoms Of Acne?

Symptoms of acne vary depending on how severe you have acne. Whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts are signs you have acne. If home remedies, or topical creams, face washes, or lotions don't help to get rid of acne you will either have to visit your doctor or a dermatologist. If you visit a doctor or dermatologist you may have a severe case of acne and will be prescribed medicine in a form of cream, face wash, or antibiotics.

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How Do I Prevent Acne?

Generally people who experience acne have a mild case. Mild acne can be treated with over-the-counter medications. These products can be bought without a doctor's prescription and are usually applied to the skin. If over-the-counter products don't work the next step is visiting a dermatologist. A dermatologist will generally prescribe a treatment with benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, or adaplene. Benzoyl peroxide kills bacteria and slows down the production of oil, and azeliac acid strengthens cells and reduces bacteria growth. Dermatologists either prescribe medications in forms of lotion, creams, or pills based on the type of acne you are experiencing.

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Fun Facts :

• Acne affects almost %100 of teenagers going through puberty

• Chocolate, pizza, or fries do NOT cause acne breakouts

• Being too clean can cause acne - Washing your face too much can dry your face out and cause irritation leading to a breakout

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