VCR 7

Rachel Fellman

Fill in the blank.

Acting under the _____________ that neutrality was the best course of action, the United States entered both WWI and WWII only once it seemed absolutely necessary.
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Presumption

noun
  1. Arrogance; excessive self-assurance; unbecoming boldness.
  2. Grounds for belief; assumption or supposition.


LEGAL: an attitude adopted in law because there is no evidence against it

Roots

pre: (Latin) before
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptum: (Latin) to take

Additional Forms

  • Presume (verb)
  • Presumptive (adjective)
  • presumptuous (adjective)
  • presumptuousness (noun)

Difference Between Presumptive and Presumptuous

presumptive: based on an inference/presumption
presumptuous: failing to observe the limits of what is permitted or appropriate

Synonyms

  • forwardness
  • daring
  • arrogance

  • assumption
  • supposition
  • hypothesis/belief

Antonyms

  • carefulness
  • cowardice
  • caution

  • fact
  • reality
  • knowledge

practice

Choose the sentence in which the bold word is used incorrectly.

  1. We need to make sure we are not too presumptive of ourselves so that we don't overstep our boundaries.
  2. The teacher presumed the class knew how to do simple addition so she moved onto more complicated topics.
  3. The American presumption that we could forcefully assimilate all Native Americans into our culture overlooked their lifestyle and turned out to be disastrous.
  4. Anyone who had the presumption to speak out against the government was immediately imprisoned.