Existentialism and Absurdism
Simon Oliver Fournier-Lanzoni
Existentialism is a philosophy that stresses finding ones true self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility.
Existentialists believe in a humans free will, which is the power of expressing ones self without constraint.
Freedom and the effects of society
Existentialists do not believe in the fact that man is born free but that society ruins them. An example would be that existentialists would not agree with Jean Jaques Rousseau's quote "Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains."
Existentialists believe in the fact that your life is based around your choices as an individual. That you are to make rational choices in an irrational world, and that your choices define who you are as an individual and can make, or break you.
Views on life
As stated in W.C. Fields' quote below (even though he was not a philosopher) existentialists do not believe that wealth or pleasure make ones life a successful one. But that finding ones true self is the real success in life.
Absurdism is a philosophy that expresses the idea that we live meaningless lives in an irrational and chaotic universe.
A common belief in the philosophy of absurdism is that the universe doesn't care about humanity and never will. Most absurdists are atheists, so many believe that religion is just an answer to what can't been answered.
Absurdists tend to question life itself and its purpose or meaning. That is why many of their quotes may seem suicidal, or dark. But to them life is meaningless, and so is our world.