Austria- Age of Absolutism

By: Jasdeep, Hannah, and Lika

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Key Facts and People

  • area was taken over by Charlemagne, the king of the Franks, and the Holy Roman Empire

  • in the mid-12th century, the Habsburg empire was created

  • Austrian Empire emerged in 1804 as one of the leading European Powers

  • Habsburg rulers increasingly concentrated their reign in Austria

  • It is largely made of mountains and it is a landlocked country in south-central Europe.

  • It is bordered by the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Germany.

  • It extends around 360 miles (580 km) from east to west

  • Mountains and forests give the Austrian landscape its character

  • Austria had a great impact on European History

  • the region had been taken over by Charlemagne


Empire

  • The area was taken over by Charlemagne, the king of the Franks, and the Holy Roman Empire

  • in the mid-12th century, the Habsburg empire was created

  • Austrian Empire emerged in 1804 as one of the leading European Powers

  • Habsburg rulers increasingly concentrated their reign in Austria

Monarchs


  • Frederick I

  • first king of Bohemia

  • archduke of Austria

  • Habsburg Emperor


  • Habsburg Rule- fell from power in 1806

    • long ruled over the Holy Roman Empire

    • increasingly concentrated their reign over Austria

  • Joseph II

    • Maria Theresa’s son

    • had far-reaching reforms

    • abolished serfdom and the death penalty

    • established the principle of equality

    • enacted religious reforms such as religious toleration

    • in an effort to change, he issued thousands of laws and decrees

    • reform program failed because he alienated nobles and the church

    • serfs were even unhappy because they didn’t understand all the changes

    • his successors undid almost all of his reforms

  • Maria Theresa

    • inherited the throne in 1740

    • worked to centralize and strengthen the state

    • only woman to rule during the 650-year Hapsburg Dynasty

    • enacted some reforms but believed in the rights of monarchs to rule

    • worked to improve the condition of serfs

  • Frederick II (Frederick the Great)

    • Born: 1712; Died: 1786

    • King of Prussia

    • His leadership qualities began to emerge early in his reign.

    • He ruled for 46 years.

    • He was a flute player.

    • He cared more about the arts.

    • He liked to surround himself with French intellectuals.

    • Under his rule Prussia became a major military power.

    • Prussia stopped the expansion of the powerful Hapsburg Empire.

Major Accomplishments

  • they lost the hope of creating an empire in Germany after the Thirty Years' War but they created a new empire in eastern and southeastern Europe
  • became known as a great European power in the seventeenth and eighteenth century

Lasting Legacy

  • The Habsburg Rule significantly impacted European politics
  • Austria could never centralize their government because it was made up of too many different national groups so they never had a huge empire with a great influence, just a bunch of territories held together by a common allegiance to the Habsburgs