What Is It?

Tranquilizers are depressant drugs called sedative-hypnotics. They are in two main categories: minor and major tranquilizers, drugs used to treat severe mental illnesses. minor tranquilizers are used for anxiety, tension, panic attacks, and insomnia and major relieve the symptoms of mental illness, but are also used as sedatives before surgical and medical procedures. Majors are not but minor tranquilizers are frequently abused.

How is it taken in?

Tranquilizers are ingested in pill or capsule form.

Effects on the Body:

Short Term:

lethargy, drowsiness, and dizziness. Decreased motivation, irritability, nausea, headaches, skin rashes, loss or increased appetite, and vivid or disturbing dreams

Long Term:

“Tranquilizers can create psychological and physical dependence similar to that of barbiturates” and can eventually kill you.

How do tranquilizers work?

In prescribed doses, tranquilizers generally relieve anxiety and may in some people induce a loss of inhibition and a feeling of well-being. Many tranquilizers tend to induce sleep. As the dose of the tranquilizer is increased, so are the degree of sedation and the impairment of mental acuity and physical coordination.


Addiction leads tolerance, meaning that more of the drug is needed to get the same effect as before. So as time goes on, the person will need more and more of the drug, larger dosages or pill counts.

Signs and Symptoms:

Less anxious, and drowsy. Like a person using alcohol, speech may be slurred. They may be unable to focus or concentrate well and be dizzy at times

Slang and Street Names:

  • downers
  • sleepers
  • rainbows
  • red dolls
  • yellow jackets
  • tranx
  • moggies
  • bennies
  • sleeping pills
  • candy


1 in 5 teenagers have indicated that they abuse tranquilizers

⅓ of all reported drug-related deaths