Psychologists of the World
By Gabby Cunningham
Wilhelm Wundt 2.0
This video is a brief description of Wundt and his contributions to psychology. It explains how he wanted to establish psychology as a science and how he did it. Writing a book called the Principles of Physiological Psychology in 1874. And it tells us how he was the first to start an experimental laboratory in 1879 at the university of Leipzig. He was a phasition, a psychologist, a philosopher, and a professor. He was the first to consider psychology as a seperate science from philosophy and biology and he was the first to call himself a psychologist. During his experiments and studies he wrote over 50,000 pages of his work. One of which was voluntarism. A key concept to this was appreciation. His experimental method was called introspection. He and his and coleeges would become subject of their own studies and they would go through their thought processes and their feelings while doing the experiments. He also made a distinction between mediate and immediate experiences. Alot of his work is forgotten today.
1. What book did he write in 1874?
2. When did he open his first laboratory?
3. How many pages of work did he do while experimenting?
4. What is voluntarism?
5. What was his experimental method called?
01 History and Approaches: Famous People in Psych
This video tells us some information about not only one, but a few of the psychologists. It tells us about Wilhelm Wundt, William James, Mary Calkins, Margaret Floy Washburn, John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner, and Sigmund Freud. It also tells us about a few more people who I didn't have to make a video for, but it was nice knowing a little about them. The video starts off by telling us some information about Charles Darwin then gets into Wundt, which we already know enough about from the first video. After that, its transitions into information about William James. He studied and wrote in psychology, physiology, and philosophy. Mary Calkins was the first female to be president of the APA and was denied a degree from Harvard because she was female. Sigmund Freud was the father of modern psychology and was the founder of psychoanalysis. This notion forever the perceptions of views about humanity. He was a major part of changing psychology. Margaret Washburn was the first woman to receive a doctorate in psychology. She was primarily a teacher. John Watson began as a functionalist but then switched to behaviorism. He is very famous for the "little Albert" experiment where Rosalie Rayner had helped him do. She was also interested int he same things he was.B. Skinner was the founder of behaviorism. he was famous for Project Pigeon.
- Who was B.F Skinner?
- What was Mary Calkins famous for?
- Who was the "father of modern psychology"?
- Who switched from being a functionalist to studying behaviorism?
- Who was the founder of psychoanalysis?
Edward Bradford Titchener
Edward Titchener was born in 1867. He was a British psychologist who studied under Wilhelm Wundt. Some of his greatest contributions to the world of psychology were the theories of structuralism, introspection, and Stimulus-Error. He was very focused on studying the mind and how we think and was known for his work with structuralism. He became a professor at Cornell University after to moving to The United States in 1892. This was when he recognized this was the perfect time to introduce his theory of structuralism to the United States. Structuralism relied on introspection. Titchener had wrote many texts and studies and was very well respected. He was the Co-editor of the American journal of Psychology from 1895 to 1920.
- When was he born?
- What was structuralism?
- What was introspection?
- Whe did he become professor at Cornell?
- How long was he the co-editor of The American journal of Psychology?