Types of Fruits

By Zarah Punjwani and Aijaz Parpia 2nd 5/4/16

Common of all fruit

  • all good for your health
  • have anti dioxides
  • good source of vitamins and minerals, and for their role in preventing vitamin C and vitamin A deficiencies.
  • Fruit are important sources of many nutrients, including potassium, fiber, vitamin C and folate (folic acid).
("Health Benefits of Fruit: Vitamins, Minerals + Fiber." HealthyEating.org)

simple fruit

A simple fruit is "A fruit that develops from a single ovary in a single flower." ("The Definition of Simple Fruit." Dictionary.com.) They can be fleshy or dry and there are 3 main types of fruit: the berry, the drupe, and the pome.

Berry - The number of carpels in each species varies from one to several and their skins can be thin and tender or thin and tough. The number of seeds also varies from one per carpel to many per carpel. The seeds of all berries, are embedded in the fleshy tissue of the carpel.

Drupe -If a fruit is fleshy and it has a hard stony pit containing a seed it is classified as a drupe. Drupes are covered by a thin skin derived from the outer tissue layer of the ovary. The soft fleshy tissue below the skin is derived from the middle layer of the ovary and the hard stony pit is derived from the inner tissue layer of the ovary.

Pome - The pome consists of tissue derived from the ovary and from the perianth. The core is composed of modified tissue from the ovary wall while the pulp is composed of tissue from the base of the floral tube and receptacle.

("Simple Fruit." Simple Fruit.)

Aggregate

Aggregate means collection of small fruits. A fruit that contains a number of small fruits (fruit-lets) is called an aggregate fruit. ("Site Search." Aggregate Fruit Types)


Characteristics-


  • aggregate- form from one flower that has several pistils, strawberry
  • these fruits develop from a single flower with many separate pistils (carpels), all of which ripen at the same time. A cluster of small, fleshy fruits originating from a number of separate pistils of a single flower
examples -

  1. raspberries,
  2. blackberries.

multiple fruit

Multiple Fruit- a fruit formed from carpels derived from several flowers,

Characteristics-

  1. result from the fusion of ovaries from many separate flowers of an inflorescence. Fruit formed from several separate flowers crowded on a single axis. ("Fruit - the Ripened Ovary of an Angiosperm Flower.")
  2. Multiple fruits consist of the matured ovaries of several to many flowers more or less united into a mass. Multiple fruits are almost invariably accessory fruits.("Fruits, Spices, Survival Plants, and Poisonous Plants.")
examples-

  • fig
  • pineapple
  • mulberry
  • breadfruit

accessory fruit

Accessory fruit - fleshy fruit developing from a succulent receptacle rather than the pistil. The ripened ovaries are small achenes on the surface of the receptacle.

Characteristics-

  1. have some other flower part united with the ovary.
  2. juicy and red at maturity
Examples-

  • apples
  • strawberries
  • cucumber
("Fruitid." Fruitid. )