🍁 Canada 2060 Unit Assignment 🍁

What will the future hold for us?

🍁 Introduction 🍁

What is Canada going to look like in 44 years? In my opinion, every aspect of life is going to be changed and it will look much different then what the world is now. Even 30 years ago not many people could have predicted how we've technologically advanced ourselves to create such a life we have today and therefore I have no doubt in 44 years we will drastically change all aspects of life. Although, the three topics I will talk about will be Immigration, Demography and Aboriginals as they are in my opinion going to be of the utmost importance of the development and history of our country.

🍁 The Topics 🍁

🍁 Immigration 🍁

The Current Immigration Trends!

Canada receives about 250,000 Immigrants per year currently. Some pull factors about Canada is that our healthcare is universal, our technology is advanced, so is our living standard, we have plenty of ethnic enclaves for immigrants, low crime rate, and a lot of economic opportunities which would makes it very enticing to immigrate into Canada as of right now and we will get a huge amount of economic immigrants. If we get a lot of economic immigrants we will also get a lot of family immigrants because they would want to be reunited with family and such. Currently, we receive economic immigrants the most by a long shot on the data table below it shows 64.9% of our immigrants are economic which are looking for job opportunities in Canada, then 24.4% of our immigrants are family immigrants, and finally 10.7% of our immigrants come from humanitarian efforts. Moreover, majority of our immigrants come into three cities: Toronto, Windsor, and Vancouver. Some distinct features about each is; Toronto has many ethnic enclaves and economic opportunities, Windsor has great climate and is close to the USA, Vancouver is very close to Asia so there would be a very cheap plane ticket ride, and Asia is where we get many of our immigrants from. Some push factors are certain countries right now are becoming very unstable due to wars, terror attacks, famine, recovering from natural disaster and etc. Canada seems like a very safe place to live considering we are not being targeted at all, we have a stable food supply, we aren't heavily involved with wars, and natural disasters do not occur in Canada often. We have currently brought 25000 Syrian immigrants by our new prime minister Justin Trudeau in less than a year which is great.

Canada's Immigration Trends in 2060

As our population ages we will have a much older population with a lot of seniors which means there are going to be more job opportunities available to take care of them (Doctors, nurses, etc). So we would essentially need immigrants to fill in those positions because our natural increase rate would be too low to hold the economy stable and to have a big workforce. By in bringing in economic immigrants we would fill in those positions and that is the type of immigrant we will get the most by 2060. We will also have a correlating increase from family immigrants too because of how many immigrants will come to Canada. An exact figure of how many immigrants per year we'd get in 2060 would be 406,700 immigrants in a year. That is a little under double what we have right now! Also, I assume there won't be a major difference of pull factors to Canada because it is amazing. The push factors that will remain the same would be: good economy, universal healthcare, low crime rate and etc and the pull factors will still always be very persuasive. For push factors however, I am assuming there will eventually be at least one war or giant natural disaster that will occur near 2060 so it is very probably we will take in a lot of refugees because Canada is big enough to support them, they are welcomed into our multi-cultural country which not only benefits them but us too as we may have a shortage in workers by 2060, and we will most likely have a prime minister that cares about refugees similar to Justin Trudeau.
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🍁 Aboriginals 🍁

Aboriginals Currently

Aboriginals are the first inhabitants of Canada and there are three main groups of aboriginals. The MΓ©tis who are the sons and daughters of aboriginal women and male Europeans. The Inuit who geographically live in the North only. The first nations who are neither Inuit nor MΓ©tis and they are located all over Canada. Currently, projections suggest that the Aboriginal population could increase to approximately 1.4 million by 2017 from 1.1 million in 2006. The proportion of the Canadian population that identify themselves as Aboriginal is projected to increase to 4% in 2017 from 3% in 2001. To all Aboriginals this is great news considering how many endeavors they have went through to at least stay alive. Although, aboriginals are still being treated racily due to their heritage and race which causes so many struggles that forces them to commit suicide (Fact: currently the leading race of teens who commit suicide is aboriginals), being paid poorly, and most aboriginals live in poverty.

The Future for Aboriginals

In the future they may encounter more struggles such as the Indian Act, as it is being modified constantly which means by 2060 with a more populated country we might cut the reserves and build houses for non-aboriginals on reserved land which would cause another horrible case of abuse to aboriginals. In addition to that, another struggle for aboriginals is to retain their culture by 2060 but unfortunately let alone even today their native culture is slowly being forgotten and becoming modernized into European culture. I think Native communities and cultures associated with it will be disbanded and cease to exist by 2060 but the population overall will increase. Another struggle that aboriginals need to deal with is racism. I think that it will eventually stop due to current trends. The fact that we've stopped homophobism, majority of people in the world have stopped degrading African Americans, and so much more also means Aboriginals should also be hated less and racism should cease to exist in the future. The concept of racism itself is very stupid too, by 2060 we as a country should be more educated then to be racist.
Canadian's hating Native Indians
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🍁 Demography 🍁

Demography is the study of population characteristics including many things such as population growth which is what I'll be talking about. Canada is in the fourth stage of the demographic transition model which is low stationary and there are numerous characteristics about being in the fourth stage of the demographic transition model. It has took approximately 80 years for us to get into the fourth stage.

Birth Rate


Currently
Canada's population is dependent on things such as the birth rate. Canada's birth rate is 11/1000 people which is quite low and is possibly on a decline. This was the case a few generations ago too, in the second and third stage of the demographic transition model we had 4-6 kids on average and than 2-3 kids now we're having 1-2 kids as of right now. The reason it has been on a decline for a very long time is because of less babies dying at birth, women receive higher education, fewer children needed because most families aren't farmers, and couples have later marriages and unfortunately end up incapable of having a baby.

In 2060
I personally think this trend is going to continue. In the next 44 years it is quite possible families will have at 0-1 kids with a birthrate of 6-7/1000 people which is crazy to think about but very possible. This trend that I think will occur and it is also being statistically shown on the population pyramid of Canada as well, you can actually see how the "pyramid" is getting very slim at the bottom which makes it very probably that it will continue to become even more slim.

Death Rate


Currently
Canada's death rate death rate is currently 8/1000 people, also quite low. A few generations ago this number used to be much higher but with more medical knowledge, technology, safer working standard, reliable food supply, sanitation, and many other factors the number has been drastically lowered which has led us to have a population with a lot of seniors, a low death rate, and with a natural increase rate that is positive currently.

In 2060
I predict this trend of a decreasing death rate will continue. I think my life expectancy could be up in the 100's possibly because every year we make such amazing medical advancements with brilliant minds. Pollution is also a factor with the death rate but I predict that by 2060 we would drastically cut our CO2 emissions along side many other greenhouse gases which would be very beneficial for us as a species and would keep a lot of people much healthier.

Natural Increase Rate


Currently
The factors relating to the Natural Increase Rate have been thoroughly explained above, but overall currently our Natural Increase Rate is positive and our population is growing on a daily basis.

In 2060
By 2060 I predict that we will head into the fifth stage of the demographic transition model. This means we will have a higher mortality rate then natality rate (Death Rate > Birth Rate). In addition, the dependency load will also be too big to handle so what I predict is that Canada will let more immigrants into the country to fill in essential jobs such as doctors and such just so that we have a stable economy. According to Stats Canada, the population in 2061 is going to be 52.6 million, but I think a range from 48 million to 67 million which is effected by immigration and the demography of Canada, is a more accurate answer.
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🍁 The Future of Canada 🍁

Nobody in the world can accurately predict what the future has in hold for us but with certain calculations we can certainly come close to it. Based on the trends and information I have researched, Immigration should increase, the Demography of Canada should go into the fifth stage of declining which would make us accept more immigrants, and Aboriginals should lose their culture but not population. This is going to impact Canada as a country the most.
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🍁 Work Cited 🍁

"Chart 3.4Demographic Growth of the Canadian Population Projected According to the Natural Increase and International Net Migration β€” 2009/2010 to 2060/2061β€” Medium-growth Scenario (M1)." <http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/91-520-x/2010001/part-partie3-eng.htm> Population Projections for Canada, Provinces and Territories: Chart 3.4 β€” Demographic Growth of the Canadian Population Projected According to the Natural Increase and International Net Migration β€” 2009/2010 to 2060/2061β€” Medium-growth Scenario (M1). Web. 20 Mar. 2016.

Kalbach W. E. "Population." The Canadian Encyclopedia. 2006. 10 Oct. 2015 <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/population/>

(n.a.) "Demographic Change. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. 2010. 10 Oct. 2015.

"Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, MΓ©tis and Inuit." Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, MΓ©tis and Inuit. Web. 20 Mar. 2016. <https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-011-x/99-011-x2011001-eng.cfm>.

mmigration Watch Canada." Immigration Watch Canada. Web. 20 Mar. 2016. <http://www.immigrationwatchcanada.org/>.