Lasted from 1905-1920

Background history

It started in the city of Dresden, Germany. Led by Ernest Ludwig Kirchnerhe wanted to show the widespread anxiety and the accommodation towards lost feelings. This was the beginning of expressionism.


Paul Klee

Paul Klee, a Swiss-born painter, printmaker and draughtsman of German nationality, was originally associated with the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter, and subsequently taught at the Bauhaus, the widely influential German art school of the interwar period. Klee's diverse body of work cannot, however, be categorized according to any single artistic movement, or "school." His paintings, which are at times fantastic, childlike, or otherwise witty, served as an inspiration to the New York School, as well as many other artists of the 20th century.

August Macke

August Macke (January 3, 1887 – September 26, 1914) was one of the leading members of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider).

He lived during a particularly innovative time for German art which saw the development of the main German Expressionist movements as well as the arrival of the successive avant-garde movements which were forming in the rest of Europe.

Like a true artist of his time, Macke knew how to integrate into his painting the elements of the avant-garde which most interested him.

Richard Lindner

Born in Hamburg. Grew up in Nuremberg where he studied the piano at the Conservatory, then enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. In 1928 spent a year in Berlin, returning to Munich in 1929 to become art director of a publishing firm. Left Germany in 1933 and went to Paris. Fled in 1941 to the USA, where he became very successful as an illustrator for magazines such as Vogue, Fortune and Harper's Bazaar. Began to paint seriously in the early 1950s; took a post as instructor at the Pratt Institute in 1952 and gave up commercial work. First one-man exhibition at the Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, 1954. His early pictures were inspired mainly by memories of Germany, including the tradition of toy-manufacturing in Nuremberg, the theatre and the German Expressionist cinema. Painted full-time from 1965. Died in New York.
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The Scream

I found that this artist used split-complementary to create this art piece. This showed the feeling before the expressionist group started. This art uses a lot of lines, tones, shades, and hints.