Dr. Mengele and his past!!

A reserch project about Dr.Mangle during the Holocaust.

Dr. Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911. His father, Karl Mengele, was a farming equipment manufacturer and his mother was Walburga. He was the eldest among Karl's three sons. The other two were Karl and Alois. He studied philosophy in Munich, where he encountered the racial ideology of Alfred Rosenberg. Josef Mengele had come to symbolize the entire Nazi killing project.
In 1937 he joined the Nazi Party. In 1938 he got his medical degree and joined the SS the same year. Known as ‘The Angel of Death’, Dr. Josef Mengele was the chief doctor at the Auschwitz concentration camp during the Second World War.

So called camp doctors, especially the notorious Josef Mengele, would torture Jewish children, Gypsy children and many others. "Patients" were put into pressure chambers, tested with drugs, castrated, frozen to death, and exposed to various other traumas. At death camps like Auschwitz children did not fare well: they were generally killed upon arrival.Children born in the camps were generally killed on the spot, especially if the child was Jewish. Nazi persecution, arrests, and deportations were directed against all members of Jewish families, as well as many Gypsy families, without concern for age. Homeless, often orphaned, many children had frequently witnessed the murder of parents, siblings, and relatives. They faced starvation, illness, brutal labor, and other indignities until they were consigned to the gas chambers. Now, at Auschwitz, with full license to maim or kill his subjects, Mengele performed a broad range of agonizing and often lethal experiments with Jewish and Roma (“Gypsy”) twins, most of them children.

Dr.Mengele and the twin projects

Mengele had become interested in utilizing twins for medical research through Verschuer, famous for experimenting with identical and fraternal twins in order to trace the genetic origins of various diseases. Josef Mengele joined the ‘Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene’, Frankfurt, in January 1937 as an assistant to Dr. Otmar von Verschuer who was famous for his research on twins. At Auschwitz Mengele did a number of twin studies, and these twins were usually murdered after the experiment was over and their bodies dissected. He supervised an operation by which two Gypsy children were sewn together to create Siamese twins; the hands of the children became badly infected where the veins had been resected. Twins undergoing his experiments didn't know what the objectives were. It is known that he had a special pathology lab where he performed autopsies on twins who had died from experiments. It was located next to the crematorium. During the 1930s, twin research was seen as an ideal tool in weighing the variant factors of human heredity and environment. Mengele, with his mentor, had performed a number of legitimate research protocols using twins as test subjects throughout the 1930s.Eva Mozes Kor and her identical twin, Miriam Mozes, survived the deadly genetic experiments conducted by The Angel of Death, Josef Mengele, in the death camp Auschwitz during 1944-1945. Their parents, grandparents, two older sisters, uncles, aunts and cousins were killed. Mengele did a number of medical experiments of unspeakable horror at Auschwitz, using twins. These twins as young as five and six years of age were usually murdered after the experiment was over and their bodies dissected. A smiling "uncle Mengele" injected chemicals into the eyes of children in an attempt to change their eye color. He made experimental surgeries performed without anesthesia, transfusions of blood from one twin to another, isolation endurance, reaction to various stimuli. He made injections with lethal germs, sex change operations,removal of organs and limbs. Eva and Miriam were the first two twins in the famous film taken by the Soviets - often shown in footage about the horrors of Holocaust. In some ways the picture is misleading. The Mengele twins never wore striped camp uniforms. They were Mengele's favorite subjects, and they were afforded special treatment, such as being able to keep their own hair and clothing, and receiving extra food rations. As long as they stayed healthy and useful to Mengele, they would be kept alive.

Cite page:


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@HISTORYUK. "Josef Mengele." HISTORY. N.p., 10 Mar. 2015. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.

By the Fall of 1948, Mengele Had Made. "Josef Mengele, Angel of Death."Josef Mengele, Angel of Death. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.

"Dr+mengele+experiments - Google Search." Dr+mengele+experiments - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.

"Josef Mengele." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 02 July 2016. Web. 14 Oct. 2016.

By the Time He Was Dragged to Shore, The Angel of Death Was Dead. "The Twins Eva and Miriam Mozes Survived Auschwitz." The Twins Eva and Miriam Mozes Survived Auschwitz. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2016.

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