Canada 2060

A Glimpse of Our Future


Have you ever wondered what our future will look like? What Canada would look like in 44 years? We aren't able to look into the future; instead we make assumptions that we think are accurate. Throughout this smore, there will be information on demography, First Nations, past, present and future as well as my inference on how my country will look like in 2060.

Immigration: Current Situation

Immigrants are super beneficial to have in Canada since they make Canada a more multicultural and diverse place to live in. Immigrants play a main role in society because it expands Canada's population. Canada is one of the few nations on earth that isn't already overpopulated. It offers plenty of land as well as many natural resources and has great potential. Immigrants are divided into 3 categories that are Independent immigrants, family immigrants and refugees. Each year, apporoximately 250, 000 immigrants are accepted in Canada. Most of these immigrants settle in these 3 countries: China, India and the Phillipines.
Below, is a graph that consists of the number of immigrants that Canada gains throughout the years. The growth from 1971 continued to increase all the way into our current year. Since the intake of immigrants is so high, that can explain why as many as 97% of Canadians are immigrants or descendants of immigrants. Canada relies on immigrants to keep a steady population.
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Immigration Predictions

In 2060 the immigration will be a bit different from what it is now, as I think the number of people entering every year will increase the number from around 250,000 to around 300,000.


The reason the number of immigrants will increase is because when the baby boomers pass away in the next three or four decades it will decrease our population by a lot. So to make up for the population loss they would have to increase the number of people coming in to the country.

What type of immigrants???

The country will also be looking for different types of immigrants especially skilled workers because when the baby boomers pass away its not only our population that gets affected as we are also losing most of our workforce which puts a big dent in our economy so we need more people to fill up the jobs for our economy to keep moving forward.

Current Demography Of Canada

Each year Canada accepts immigrants based on its net migration and natural increase from the year before which is called population growth.

Natural Increase

  • natural increase is the difference between the birth rate and death rate
  • the current birth rate is 11 and the current death rate is approximately 9
  • as technology becomes more advanced and our healthcare becomes better and better the death rate will decrease as people have longer lifespans.
  • Since people have smaller families and the child survival rate is high the natural increase rate is small because because the numbers are closer as both the birth rate and death rate is small

Net Migration

  • net migration is the difference between the immigration rate and emigration rate
  • every year 250 000 immigrants come to Canada and in 2010 the net migration was 7.2 per 1000

Canada's current dependency load is around 21 percent that means 21 percent of the population is under 14 and above 65 and cannot work so they have to rely on someone else

in the graph below you can see that the population is slowly decreasing and in the up coming years we would need more immigrants as the baby bloomers are going to pass away and we will lose a big part of the population.

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Demography: Future Predictions

As we all may know it by now, Canada's population has increased significantly throughout the years. If we go back and look at the graph that shows us Canada's population, you will see how much Canada has grown. The dependency load will be smaller than what it is now as there less people being born now which means when we go to 2060 and they will be old there will be less seniors. There will also be less people under 14 as the birth rate will smaller. The immigration rate will increase as they would more people to come in to stabilize the population after the baby bloomers have passed away. Since so many people will be coming in the net migration would be higher.
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First Nations: Current Situation

Types of First Nations

  • Inuit are the first nations of the Arctic and live up north
  • The Metis people are descendants of mixed First Nations and European ancestry
  • The Aboriginals are the ones who are full first nations and don't live up north
Currently, the First Nations people have been treated like animals. We, as Canadians have treated them as if they aren't worthy of respect. If you view the photo below, you will see the sign that says "no more broken promises." The reason for that is, we have lied to these people. We have promised them things but never actually granted them it. We took things way from them instead and just kicked them away as if they aren't worthy to be treated like everyone else. There's more to this group of people then just the "Aboriginals." There's a story. A story that not many knows about. We have a whole entire history with them. A history that we absolutely should not be proud of at all. The First Nations contributed a lot to Canada. But due to the Indian act, which is where the government decided who the "Indians" were, they have to live on the reserve.

First Nations: Future Predictions

I predict that throughout 2060 or even before, the First Nations will be more respected rather than judged,as well as the Indian act being removed. Although they are more respected I`m not certain that the government will give them the land they promised. As cities and residents have already been built, I think the first nations will be happy as they will no longer be stereotyped.


Immigration, Demography and the First Nations people are all the reasons why Canada is such a multicultural, diverse and open minded country.