Philosophers

Dead People and Their Lives

Karl Marx

Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5th, 1818. He was baptized as a Lutheran at the age of 6 and remained a christian for the rest of his life. Marx was home schooled until the age of 12, then he went to a Jesuit high school. After high school he went to the University of Bonn, but his father disapproved of the school and made Marx move to the University of Berlin. At the University of Berlin he got involved in a group of students who criticized the political and religious establishments of the day, and he also got engaged to Jenny von Westphalen. After collage Marx got a job as editor for the Rheinische Zeitung and worked there for one year before the government closed it. Then he married Jenny von Westphalen and they moved to Paris. In Paris he and Friedrich Engels produced a newspaper called The Holy Family. Later that year, when he was expelled from France while writing another newspaper called Vorwarts, he went to Brussels and devoted himself to a study of history that became know as the materialist conception of history. Shortly after he tried to publish the book "The German Ideology" he was expelled from Brussels as well. So he moved to London and lived there until his death on March 13, 1883.

John Locke

John did not have a middle name Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in Somerset, England. He was educated at Westminster School and then went to the University of Oxford. After collage he became the physician and secretary for a close friend, the Earl of Shaftsburg. While in this post he helped found the Whig party, who were opposers of the dominant Tories. Because of this Locke was suspected by the government when there was an attempt to assassinate King Charles II and his brother. During his exile in Holland Locke wrote "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding". He returned to England after King James II fled the country letting the Whigs rise to power. He lived in England for the rest of his life, working with the government. Locke died on October 28, 1704