Cancer

By Alyssa Edwards

Definition of Cancer:

Cancer is a group of diseases that involves the rapid, uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.
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What are the symptoms?

There are different symptoms for different types of cancer but there are some overall symptoms that you can look for. Some of these symptoms may include abnormal discharge, a tumor, increasing Lymph gland, overwhelming fatigue, neurological deficit, subtle and persistent changes, unilateral pain, and having a change in a mole. A mole change can be a new growth in a mole larger than 1/4 an inch, irregular shapes or borders, a change in texture, oozing, bleeding, or itching.
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What are some causes of Cancer?

Cancer can be Hereditary. A normal gene that has changed into a cancer-causing gene is called an oncogene. People with genes like these could develop different forms of cancer. Another cause of Cancer is your environment. Carcinogens are cancer-causing cells that our environment contains. There are chemical, physical, and biological carcinogens. Some chemical include tobacco products and some pesticides. Physical ones include ultraviolet light and X rays. Biological carcinogens include some types of viruses.

What are some ways you can prevent cancer?

Avoid ANY form of tobacco and avoid drinking. One or the other by itself are bad but drinking and smoking greatly increases your chance of getting oral and liver cancer. Do not tan in tanning beds, wear sunscreen, and wear protective clothing. The sun's ultraviolet rays are very bad for you if you don't take precautionary steps. Also eat healthy, maintain a healthy weight, and exercise every day. Do not have any unnecessary X rays, especially if you are pregnant.

How do they test/diagnos Cancer?

One way to detect cancer before you even have symptoms is getting a mammogram or getting chest X rays. If doctors suspect that you have cancer from screening test results they'll perform another test called a biopsy. A biopsy is where they remove a small piece of tissue that's in question to examine it for signs of cancer.
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Treatment:

There are three things that factor in for your type of treatment. Treatment depends on the type of cancer you have, where it's located, and the stage of development it's in. One way of treatment is surgery, surgery can remove most or all of the malignant tumor. Radiation therapy is another option for treatment. It can kill cancer cells and slow the growth of tumors. Two final ways are Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy, Chemotherapy is where they give you drugs to slow the reproduction of cancer cells. Immunotherapy is the use of drugs to stimulate the body's immune system to attack cancer cells. If you've had no sign of cancer 5 years after your last treatment ended your cancer is considered cured, or in remission. Although if your cancer does come back it is usually more difficult to treat.

Facts about Cancer:

  • Cancer causes more death every year than AIDS, tuberculosis, and Malaria combined.
  • In 2010 it was estimated that 569,490 people died of cancer.
  • Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer worldwide. It's the most common because of the use of tanning beds, not using sunscreen, and people not protecting their skin.
  • The World Health Organization estimates that about 40% of all cancers are preventable by having a healthy diet, not using any form of tobacco, and exercising.
  • Second hand smoke can cause lung cancer.
  • Lung cancer is the most fatal of all cancers.
  • Not using tobacco is the best way to prevent certain cancers such as lung, throat, mouth, pancreas, bladder, stomach, liver, and kidney.
  • There are over 200 types of cancer.
  • Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women. Although mean can also get breast cancer.
Five Ways You Can Help a Loved One Battling Cancer

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