Alzheimer's Over Time

How does it affect the brain and the body?

What is Alzheimer's disease?

Alzheimer’s is a disease that consists of plaques and tangles grown in the brain, this causes memory loss. “Plaques form when protein pieces called beta-amyloid clump together” (Alz.org). These plaques soon form together and become tangles. Alzheimer’s disease can’t be cured as of right now, but research is being done that could possibly stop or decrease plaques and tangles from growing on the brain. “This disease is known to affect many people, mostly over the age of 60 but some cases result in anywhere from 19-60+” (Alz.org).

When was Alzheimer's disease discovered and by who?

Alzheimer’s disease was discovered in 1906 by Dr. Alois Alzheimer. Dr. Alzheimer was studying the brain of a woman who had recently died of an illness that was undetermined. He noticed that the tissue of the brain he had been studying had changed over time. The symptoms of this disease at the time was memory loss, unpredictable actions, and language problems

How does it affect the brain?

Alzheimer's doesn't just affect the brain in one way, it affects it in many.
For example
1- It makes the brain smaller
2- It destroys tissue
3- It creates plaques and tangles that cause memory loss

How does it affect the body over time?

The physical appearance that Alzheimer's disease comes with is definitely anything but pretty. The patient begins to lose the ability to chew, swallow, walk, and use the restroom. These make it hard for family members to care for them. As they see there loved ones from before they were diagnosed, the patient's family is a complete stranger to them.

What are some differences between the beginning stages to the end stages?

In the beginning stages of Alzheimer's a patient is just started to forget things such as, what is my child's birthday? or where was I yesterday? These patients can still do all of the functions such as chew, swallow, etc. without needing help. On the other hand, in the end stages, they can't remember anything, not even chew in some cases. This is because of the plaques and tangles that developed on the brain over time.
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My Great Grandmother

The picture above was taken in 2013. The lady on the right was diagnosed with Alzheimer's in 2006. At the time in the picture above she could still use the restroom on her own, remember people on occasion, walk, and was still able to feed herself.This is known as the middle stages of Alzheimer's.
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Now

The picture above was taken in March of 2016, over the course of three years you can see how drastically Alzheimer's has affected her. She is now in the end stages of Alzheimer's, this meaning she can no longer; walk, use the restroom by herself, remember anything, or feed herself.

Bibliography

"Alois Alzheimer." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 12 May 2016.

"Alzheimer's Brain Plaques - Alzheimer's Association." Alzheimer's Brain Plaques - Alzheimer's Association. Web. 12 May 2016.

"Brain with Alzheimer's Disease." BrightFocus Foundation. 2015. Web. 12 May 2016.