Bill of Rights
By: Matthew Delgado
What are the Bill of Rights?
The Bill of Rights are 10 amendments that gives you rights to do things. From having the rights to do things all the way to in court.
Amendment one consist of Freedom of Speech, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Religion an so on. That means you can follow any religion, express your opinion any way you can, and same thing with freedom of the press, you can show your opinion the way you want through print.
the Right to Bear Arms
In amendment two you are allowed keep a well regulated militia. Also you have the right to keep bear arms or in other words keep guns with you. That doesn't mean you can go and shoot people with your militia. You also have to have a license to have a gun on you now.
No soldier shall, in time of peace quartered in any house, without owner's permission. Meaning you have the right to not let a soldier on property, unless they have permission.
"Search and Seizure", meaning that no one has the power to search through your property. They need to have a warrant in order to do that.
Amendment 5 has three rights, those rights are, Double Jeopardy, Self crimination, and last but not least, Due Process of Law. Double Jeopardy is you can't be charged for the same crime twice. Self-incrimination means being forced to testify against one self. Due process deals with the administration of justice and thus the due process clause acts as a safeguard from arbitrary denial of life, liberty, or property by the Government outside the sanction of law.
The rights of Accused in criminal cases is when you can have a lawyer and witness to back you up. The accused shall enjoy the right to have a speedy and public trial.
In amendment 7 you can have a jury civil cases involving a lot of money (over 20 dollars). Once its decided, it can't be brought up in another court. Thats called The right to a jury trial.
Cruel and unusual punishments, meaning your punishment should fit your crime. You shouldn't have to pay too much bail or unreasonable fines. Excessive bail shall not be required.
Rights retained by the people. Just because they made those rules doesn't mean those are the only ones you have. Government can't take away theses right, A.K.A unalienable rights.
The states have power too! As long as it say states can't do something then the states have power, thats called limiting federal powers.
These rights can't be taken away and they will never will.
Weems v. U.S.
Was a decision of the United States supreme court. It pertains to the prohibition of cruel and usual punishment.
Barron v. Baltimore
Sued the mayor of baltimore for damages. Owned a profitable wharf ( co-leader). Damages with a total of $4,500.
Arizona v. Evans
He failed to appear to answer for several traffic violations. Also had a bad of marijuana in the car with him.