STOMACH CANCER

The second most deadly cancer in the world!

Why should we care?

For some, we may have relatives who have stomach cancer. They may describe it as painful but you may pass on those words as, well... words. But if you step in their shoes, the world changes in a blink of an eye! Each bite you take from food is excruciatingly painful, you throw up nonstop, and you feel sharp cold pains that rush your back as the brutal cancer spreads throughout your back. But what are we doing? While these people suffer from this condition, we enjoy our lives to the fullest! But are humans not supposed to be treated equally? We must help these people so they can live and live life to their fullest! According to medicine net, a couple of patients give their experience with cancer or someone dear to them, here is just several of those comments." My father had always been an exceptionally healthy man, fit and active. During the summer months of 2011 his voice became hoarse, he began to have difficulty swallowing, and he felt fatigue. He began to feel full after eating only a little bit of food. My family & I took my father to the doctor many times and each time it was a different diagnosis, all of them incorrect. We finally succeeded in getting him a GI scope. He was diagnosed with stomach cancer on Sep 7, 2011 and died on Oct 4, 2011. Once we received his diagnosis it was too late for him, he deteriorated so rapidly in front of our eyes-heart breaking. November is Stomach Cancer Awareness month-please don't take issues of persistent indigestion, difficulty swallowing lightly. The difficulty with stomach cancer is that when the symptoms do present themselves, it is quite often too late. My father didn't have a chance" (Philips). With all the poor victims of stomach cancer, please consider a fight against it.

What is Stomach Cancer?

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is the uncontrollable growth of cells that begins in the stomach, fundus, cardia body, antrum, or pylorus("Stomach Cancer"). Stomach cancer has 4 stages. The first and second stages are the early and late development of tumors, respectively. The third stage is the spreading of the cancer into nearby organs and lymph nodes. The fourth stage is metastasis, in which the cancer spreads to organs and lymph nodes that are far away from the stomach("How is Stomach Cancer Staged?"). The first successful treatment of stomach cancer was conducted in 1881(Yoshino). People suffering from this cancer may experience symptoms such as fatigue, feeling bloated or full after eating, weight loss, nausea, or heartburn(Creagan).

The Role of Genetics in Stomach Cancer

Genetics relate to stomach cancer because the stomach contains cells with the APC gene. Stomach cells are responsible for the implementation of information to make the APC protein. This protein suppresses tumors and controls cell division. It controls whether or not to attach cell tissues to other cells, or separate a tissue from a cell in regards to stomach tumors from occurring. The gene is located on chromosome 5 and if a mutation occurs in the stomach cells, the cell may not produce the APC gene which is responsible for the production of the APC protein. If the protein is not made, the cells will grow and divide rapidly forming tumors which will increase the chances of stomach cancer drastically if not diagnosed at an early stage before it forms much more critical and serious tumors (APC Gene).

How Common is Stomach Cancer?

African American men over the age of 55 are more susceptible to stomach cancer. It is more common in places such as Japan, Korea, Eastern Europe, and Latin America("Stomach Cancer Risk Factors: Age, Gender, Obesity, Others.") There are over 24,590 people affected by stomach cancer in the United States("What are the Key Statistics About Stomach Cancer?").

Environmental and Lifestyle Risk Factors

Factors that can increase the risk of getting stomach cancer include having a diet that is high in salty and smoked foods, a diet that is low in fruits and vegetables, a family history of stomach cancer, stomach inflammation, pernicious anemia, smoking, and stomach polyps("Stomach Cancer - Risk Factors").

The risk of getting stomach cancer can be prevented by eating more fruits and vegetables, reducing the amount of salty and smoked foods eaten, and not smoking("Stomach Cancer - Prevention").

Stomach Cancer Treatments

Treatments for stomach cancer include surgery, endoscopic resection, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. "Treatment Choices By Type and Stage of Stomach Cancer"). These approved cancer drugs cost an average of 10,000 dollars per month (Glover). The survival rate of people with stomach cancer is 29% ("Survival Rates for Stomach Cancer, by Stage"). Treatments for stomach cancer may limit a person's life through effects such as difficulty digesting certain foods, inability to absorb vitamin b12, dumping syndrome, etc ("Stomach Cancer Information - Treatment & Therapy Side Effects").


People who are suffering through stomach cancer or previously experienced stomach cancer may want to join support groups such as Cancer Support Community or Cancer Compass.

http://www.cancersupportcommunity.org/MainMenu/About-Cancer/Types-of-Cancer/Gastric

http://www.cancercompass.com/stomach-cancer-information/living-with-stomach-cancer.htm

How can you help? Organizations in the fight against stomach cancer

  • No Stomach for Cancer
  • Gastric Cancer Foundation
  • Debbie's Dream Foundation

Out of all these great charities/organizations, we recommend to donate to No Stomach for Cancer because they have their own program called Stomach Cancer Awareness Month which promotes awareness of Stomach cancer. They also encourage many people to start their own charity and donate against stomach cancer.

To learn more about what you can do against stomach cancer, please click on the link below to learn more.


http://www.nostomachforcancer.org/

Works Cited

"About Stomach Cancer." UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center : Stomach Cancer. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

"Gastric Cancer." : Practice Essentials, Background, Anatomy. N.p., 2 July 2015. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

"Gastric Cancer: Introduction." John Hopkins Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

"Gastric (Stomach) Cancer." Cancer Support Communtiy. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

"Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer." Genetics Home Reference. N.p., 19 Oct. 2015. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.

"How Is Stomach Cancer Staged?" American Cancer Society. N.p., 16 Mar. 2015. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

K., Yoshino. "History of Gastric Cancer Treatments." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.

"Stomach Cancer - Coping and Support." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 26 Apr. 2013. Web. 02 Nov. 2015.

"Stomach Cancer - Prevention." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 26 Apr. 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

"Stomach Cancer - Risk Factors." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 26 Apr. 2013. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"Stomach Cancer - Statistics." Cancer.Net. N.p., 25 June 2012. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"Stomach Cancer Information - Treatment & Therapy Side Effects." Cancer Compass. Cancer Treatment Centers of America, n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

"Stomach Cancer Risk Factors: Age, Gender, Obesity, Others." Cancer Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"Support Groups for Living With Stomach Cancer." Cancer Compass. Cancer Treatment Centers of America, n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

"Survival Rates for Stomach Cancer, by Stage." American Cancer Society. N.p., 16 Mar. 2015. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

"Treatment Choices by Type and Stage of Stomach Cancer." American Cancer Society. N.p., 16 Mar. 2015. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

"Understanding Stomach Cancer -- the Basics." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.